## Financial Ratios in Project Finance Model Ver. 3.0

**Financial Ratios in Project Finance Model Ver. 3.0**

Financial ratios are mathematical comparisons of financial statement (P&L or Income & Expense, Cash Flow, and Balance Sheet Statements) accounts or categories.

These relationships between income, expense, cash flow and balance sheet accounts help investors, creditors, and internal company management understand how well a business is performing and areas of needing improvement.

Financial ratios are the most common tools used in analyzing a business’ financial standing. Ratios are easy to understand and simple to compute.

They can also be used to compare different companies in different industries. Since a ratio is simply a mathematically comparison based on proportions, big and small companies can be use ratios to compare their financial information.

Ratios allow us to compare companies across industries, big and small, to identify their strengths and weaknesses. Financial ratios are often divided up into six main categories: liquidity, solvency, efficiency, profitability, market prospect, financial leverage, and coverage. More »

Tags: biomass, coal thermal, combined cycle GT, conventional, deterministic, diesel genset, financial models, financial ratios, fossil, mini hydro, Monte Carlo Simulation, natural gas thermal, nuclear, ocean thermal, oil thermal, OTEC, power generation technologies, project finance models, renewable energy, simple GT, solar PV, stochastic, wind

## Project Finance Models Version 3.0

**Project Finance Models Version 3.0**

The top-of-the-line project finance model can do the following (deterministic or stochastic model version):

1) Determine equity (30% equity, 70% debt) and project (100% equity, 0% debt) IRR, NPV and PAYBACK.

2) Determine first year tariff (or feed-in-tariff) to meet target equity IRR

3) Determine all-in capital cost, fuel consumption and cost, lube oil consumption and cost, fixed and variable O&M

4) Determine tariff breakdown (capital recovery fee = capital cost + fixed O&M, variable fee = fuel + lubes + variable O&M)

5) Profit & Loss statement (revenues, expenses), Cash flow, Balance Sheet, Debt Service Cover Ratio, IRR, NPV, PAYBACK for equity and project returns

6) Calculate financial ratios (liquidity ratios, solvency ratios, efficiency ratios, profitability ratios, market prospect and coverage ratios)

7) Sensitivity Analysis (construction delay, taxation & incentives regime, unit capacity, capacity factor, capital cost, first year tariff, fixed O&M, variable O&M, heat rate or efficiency or fuel rate, fuel cost, fuel heating value, lube oil rate, lube oil cost, local and foreign debt interest, repayment period and grace period, equity and debt ratio, target equity IRR, local and foreign CPI or escalation).

8) Spider (tornado chart) – deterministic : vary the main parameters by +10% and -10% and its effect on equity IRR

9) Monte Carlo Simulation – stochastic : vary main parameters from 90% to 110% of base values and its impact on the equity and project NPV, IRR and PAYBACK, pre-tax WACC, net present value of net profit after tax over project life discounted at pre-tax WACC, and first year tariff. The simulation will present the average or mean, standard error, median, standard deviation, variance, skewness and kurtosis, expected value (mean), max value and min value at 95% confidence level. More »

Tags: biomass, coal thermal, combined cycle GT, conventional, deterministic, diesel genset, financial models, fossil, mini hydro, Monte Carlo Simulation, natural gas thermal, nuclear, ocean thermal, oil termal, OTEC, power generation technologies, project finance models, renewable energy, simple GT, solar PV, stochastic, wind

## How to calculate power plant emissions – by concentration

**How to calculate power plant emissions – by concentration**

If you need to calculate the flue gas mass rate and volumetric rate, as well as the flue gas composition or concentration, then you need to purchase my power plant emissions – by concentration Excel model. Order now at the introductory cost of USD 200. (My other model for power plant emissions – by mass is available at USD 126.

It is easy to use, simply define the type of fuel and composition of fuel (percentage of C, H, S, O, N, Moisture and Ash) and the excess air ratio (% excess air firing), and the model will calculate the flue gas composition per lb or kg of fuel input. And if you know your fuel mass rate (or volumetric rate given its density), you can derive the mass flow rate of the flue gas (emissions and excess air). The excess air consists of the excess oxygen and inert nitorgen in air. More »

Tags: ash, by mass, carbon, carbon dioxide, excess air, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, power plant emissions, sulfur, water

## How to calculate power plant emissions – by mass

**How to calculate power plant emissions – by mass**

Yes, your technology expert has prepared an easy to understand and to use Excel model for calculating power plant emissions by mass. It costs only USD 126. So please order now.

Meaning, given the fuel mass rate and fuel composition, power output and capacity factor, the model will calculate the mass flow rate of the emissions (not including the excess air components).

If you need to know the flue gas mass rate and volumetric rate, then you have to purchase also my other model – power plant emissions by concentration. You may order now for only USD 200. More »

Tags: ash, by mass, carbon, carbon dioxide, excess air, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, power plant emissions, sulfur, water

## The Ultimate Personal Financial Planning Tool (Excel Model) for Simulating Debt Consolidation

**The Ultimate Personal Financial Planning Tool (Excel Model) for Simulating Debt Consolidation**

If you need financial advice, are in great debt (credit card, bank loans, personal debt), my wife “Bokbok Ocampo” can help you.

She has an excellent financial model for testing your best debt reduction and debt exit strategy – increase income, reduce expenses, simplify lifestyle, sell assets to pay-off debt, extend your loan with lower interest from your lender to match your income with your reduced amortization, take a loan from a friendly bank with lower interest and longer repayment terms to pay-off your expensive credit card debt and bank loan, etc.

The spreadsheet will allow you to enter all your incomes, expenses, assets, debts, depreciation schedule, amortization schedule, to summarize your income & expense statement, estimate income tax, net income after tax, cash flow and balance sheet. It will show how you gradually increase income, reduce expenses, lower your outstanding balances, and have more cash flows which you could invest to augment your income and pay-off further your debts.

She can also present a retirement plan and a personal financial plan that includes mitigating risks from debilitating illness and premature demise. Don’t wait till your too old to do something to ensure a comfortable retirement, so you may serve our Divine Master longer and with greater service.

Tags: bank debt, bank loan, chartered financial planner, credit card debt, debt consolidation, debt reduction, debt restructuring, excel model, extend loan term, financial planning tool, how to get out of debt, insular life, life underwriter, lower interest, personal financial planning, veronilyn ocampo, vpo

## 50% Discount on all Project Finance Models for Conventional, Fossil, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Power Plants

**50% Discount on all Project Finance Models for Conventional, Fossil, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Power Plants**

For the whole month of February 2015, your energy technology expert is pleased to announce a 50% on all the ADV (advanced) and CDM (clean development mechanism carbon emission credits) project finance models using deterministic (constant inputs) models.

For the stochastic models (probabilistic), simply add 30% of the discounted price above. The stochastic models utilize the Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method by allowing the model inputs to vary, say from 90% to 110% of the deterministic (constant) inputs.

The risk of not attaining the deterministic targets is provided by the histogram prepared by the stochastic models which provides the following statistical analysis of the equity and project returns (IRR, NPV, PAYBACK), net present value of the net income after tax discounted at the pre-tax WACC, the pre-tax WACC, electricity tariff, annual generation and capacity factor. More »

Tags: 50% discount, biomass, coal thermal, combined cycle GT, conventional energy, deterministic models, fossil energy, geothermal, hydro, mini hydro, Monte Carlo Simulation, nuclear energy, ocean thermal energy conversion, oil thermal, OTEC, power generation technology, power plants, probabilistic, renewable energy, simple cycle GT, solar, stochastic models, wind

## Integrated Wind Prospecting, Wind Resource Assessment, Annual Power Generation and Capacity Factor, and Wind Project Finance Model with Monte Carlo Simulation (Ver. 4)

**Integrated Wind Prospecting, Wind Resource Assessment, Annual Power Generation and Capacity Factor, and Wind Project Finance Model with Monte Carlo Simulation (Ver. 4)**

Yes, your energy technology expert has done it again.

Version 4 has been released that integrates all the steps needed in fully developing your wind energy project.

It combines the data entry of the wind velocity profile of the prospective wind farm site (from wind mast anemometer monitoring or from 3-TIER, NREL wind profile database), interpolation of daily and hourly wind speed (even up to 15-minute pulse if needed by the TRANSCO / GRID operator), look-up tables for the various wind turbine generator manufacturers, calculation of annual power generation and capacity factor, overnight capital cost of wind turbine and its fixed and variable O&M costs, and project finance modeling (deterministic with option for both deterministic and stochastic modeling using Monte Carlo Simulation). More »

## Performance of Wind Turbine Generators from MONTE CARLO SIMULATION of Wind Speed

**Performance of Wind Turbine Generators from MONTE CARLO SIMULATION of Wind Speed**

Be a wind energy and power generation expert.

Follow the methodology and explanation below. Get hold of the advanced tools too, namely:

1) Wind energy resource monitoring (from wind anemometer measurements and data logger or wind map and resource providers such as 3-TIER, NREL, etc.)

2) Monte Carlo Simulation of wind speed (wind speed = average wind speed +/- standard deviation)

3) Annual power generation using power curve of wind turbine model and calculation of capacity factor

4) Overnight capital cost per kW of major wind turbine manufacturers

5) Project finance modeling (deterministic and stochastic with Monte Carlo Simulation) More »

## Stochastic (Probabilistic) Wind Turbine Simulator for Annual Power Output and Capacity Factor

**Stochastic (Probabilistic) Wind Turbine Simulator for Annual Power Output and Capacity Factor**

Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) is the current darling of the renewable energy power generation industry.

It is clean, generally available, and cost-effective. It’s power output, however, is very variable, ever changing by the hour with time.

Now with the instantaneous wind speed as a function of the average speed +/- the positive and negative deviation multiplied by a random fraction, the probable wind speed and thus the power output can be simulated, and when aggregated in 24 x 365 hours in a year, the annual energy output and annual capacity factor is determined.

And using statistical analysis, the expected value (mean), standard error, median, standard deviation, variance, skewness and Kurtosis are calculated for both the annual energy output and annual capacity factor. More »

Tags: Bergey, Bonus, capacity factor, Carter, Dewend, Fuhrlaender, Gamesa Eolica, GE Wind, Jacobs, Jacobs-additions, Lagerwey, MCS, Monte Carlo Simulation, NEG Micon, Nordex, Norwin, power output, Repower, simulator, Suzlon, TMA, Turbowinds Inland, Vestas, wind energy, wind power, wind turbine annual generation, wind turbine capacity factor, wind turbine simulator

## How to keep flying safe again – learn the basics of flying without sophisticated instruments

**How to keep flying safe again – learn the basics of flying without sophisticated instruments**

After going through the various news reports and expert analysis on why airplane get lost in the air, fall down from the sky, stall, get its pitot tubes blocked by air crystals, planes not transmitting real-time data on exact location, engine performance, plane integrity – it is about time that a new paradigm in air safety is made: More »

## Capital Cost, Maintenance Cost, Levelized Tariff and Levelized Cost of Nuclear Power Plant – advanced project finance model

**Capital Cost, Maintenance Cost, Levelized Tariff and Levelized Cost of Nuclear Power Plant – advanced project finance model**

This latest update will present the following:

1) The summary inputs and outputs from runs using the advanced project finance models for conventional, fossil, nuclear and renewable energy power generation technologies.

2) The worksheets or tabs of the advanced project finance model More »

## Advanced (ADV) Project Finance Models for Conventional, Fossil, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Power Generation Technologies – Price List and Specs

**Advanced (ADV) Project Finance Models for Conventional, Fossil, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Power Generation Technologies – Price List and Specs (offer up to Sep 30, 2014 only)**

Your power generation technology selection expert is pleased to make a final call to all project finance and power plant modelers to purchase the Advanced (ADV) Project Finance Models for Conventional, Fossil, Nuclear and Renewable Energy Power Generation Technologies.

The model consists of the following worksheets/tabs: More »

Tags: biomass, combined cycle GT, conventional, cost of power generation, diesel genset, fossil, fuel oil genset, gas thermal, geothermal, hydro, IGCC, large hydro, mini hydro, nuclear, ocean thermal, oil thermal, open cycle GT, OTEC, power generation, power plant models, project finance models, renewable energy, simple cycle GT, solar, wind

## Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always and is Expensive Compared to its Asian Neighbors

**Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always and is Expensive Compared to its Asian Neighbors**

Following is the outline of my power point presentation on “Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always” and why the Philippines has one of the highest power rate in Asia and the World.

If you need the pdf version, please email me so I could respond to your request.

** “Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always”**

By: Marcial T. Ocampo

Energy Technology Selection and Optimization Consultant at

OMT Energy Enterprises More »

Tags: biomass, CFB, coal, conventional power, Cost of Power, cost of power generation, diesel genset, fossil power, geothermal, How to increase power supply, How to reduce electricity price, How to reduce power costs, hydro, Lack of Power Supply, Marcial Ocampo, mini hydro, natural gas CCGT, natural gas GT, nuclear power, oil thermal, OTEC, PC, Philippines, Power Supply & Demand, renewable energy, solar, Sub-critical, Supercritical, Ultrasupercritial, wind

## Summary of inputs and results for project finance models for various power generation technologies – up to Sep 30, 2014 only

**Summary of inputs and results for project finance models for various power generation technologies – up to Sep 30, 2014 only**

Dear Friends,

You only have up to September 30, 2014 to purchase the advanced project finance models for conventional, fossil, nuclear and renewable energy power generation technologies.

Beginning Oct 1, 2014, I will be working full-time with a major IPP in the country and I will take a leave in providing project finance models and Feasibility Study and Market Study preparations for a while.

So don’t dilly dally. Order now before I shut down this website for selling such models.

Cheers,

Energy Technology Selection Expert More »

Tags: biomass, bunker fuel oil genset, bunker oil thermal, CCGT, coal CFB, conventional power, cost of power generation, diesel genset, electricity tariff, feed-in tariff, FIT rate, fossil power, geothermal, large hydro, mini hydro, natgas combined cycle GT, natgas simple cycle GT, natgas thermal, nuclear PHWR, nuclear power, ocean thermal, OTEC, PC coal subcritical, PC coal supercritical, PC coal ultrasupercritical, project finance models, renewable energy, solar PV, wind, WTE

## Starting your Lending Investor Business – Use this package of services and softwares

Dear Friends,

To jump-start immediately your Lending Investor Business, please use this package of services and softwards to ensure you started on the right foot.

Here is the price list of our services and softwares.

We can discuss this further if you wish.

Best regards,

Marcial More »

## Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always

**Why the Philippines is Lacking in Power Supply Always**

This paper will answer the question of “Why the Philippines is lacking in power supply always and have one of the highest power rates in the world.”

Firstly, the country has a poor mix of baseload capacity (must-run renewables such as solar PV, wind, mini-hydro, biomass; hydro for irrigation and water supply; geothermal; coal), limited mid-merit capacity (natural gas-fired open cycle gas turbine and combined cycle gas turbine), and expensive peak load capacity (stored hydro, diesel genset, oil-fired thermal, large hydro, oil-fired open cycle gas turbine). More »

## Coal-Fired Power Plant: How to Design and Calculate Plant Footprint, Fuel, Limestone, Hauling Trucks and Storage Areas for Coal and Ash

**Coal-Fired Power Plant: How to Design and Calculate Plant Footprint, Fuel, Limestone, Hauling Trucks and Storage Areas for Coal and Ash**

Yes, your favourite energy technology expert has prepared a simple but easy-to-use power plant model to augment your project finance model to calculate the following:

1) Coal quality and quantity of coal reserves (measured, indicative, inferred, total in-situ reserves)

2) Average specification of coal reserve (heating value, ash, volatile combustible matter, fixed carbon, sulfur, moisture)

3) Ultimate analysis of coal reserve (Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Sulfur) More »

## Economics of a 135 MW (net) coal-fired Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Thermal Power Plant

**Economics of a 135 MW (net) coal-fired Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) Thermal Power Plant**

Following is an annual construction model (3 years or 36 months) and a 25-year operating project finance model (30% equity, 70% debt) with a 16% p.a. equity IRR and coal cost of US$85 per tonne (metric ton or MT) with a gross heating value (GHV) of 10,000 Btu/lb, 36 months construction, 25 years commercial operation) using average annual drawdown (1/3 in year 1, 1/3 in year 2, 1/3 in year 3 construction drawdown). The CFB has an overall fuel to electricity thermal efficiency of 37.39% (92.5% boiler efficiency, 42.0% steam turbine efficiency and 96.25% mechanical clutch & electric generator efficiency). The results are as follows: More »

## Cogeneration (CHP) Biomass Power Project Finance Model

**Cogeneration (CHP) Biomass Power Project Finance Model**

A new and powerful tool for analysing the technical and economic viability of cogeneration (combined heat & power) using biomass fuel such as wood chips, agri-wastes, bagasse, wood-wastes is now available in the market to calculate your feed-in-tariff (FIT) rates or IRR and payback periods.

Your technology expert is pleased to announce the availability of a new cogeneration (combined heat & power or CHP) biomass power project finance model.

Be the first to use this powerful tool in analysing your biomass resource potential and convert it to useful energy and power. More »

## Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider – from your energy technology expert

**Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider - from your energy technology expert**

You might be interested to look into the latest power supply and demand outlook (forecast 2014-2020) from the DOE.

It includes the existing 2011 installed capacity, plus constructed 2012-2013, plus committed 2014-2016 projects, then forecast peak demand, total reserves, total supply available.

Aside from the committed, there is also a list of indicative projects as well as future capacity additions for base load, mid-merit and peak load from the power development plan of DOE (from their optimized expansion planning modelling exercise). More »

Tags: biomass, coal, conventional energy, data analytics, energy, fossil energy, gas, geothermal, hydro, LCOE, levelized cost of energy, long run marginal cost, LRMC, mini hydro, ocean thermal energy conversion, oil, OTEC, power, renewable energy, Run-of-River Hydro, short run marginal cost, solar, SRMC, wind