Archive for the ‘coal’ Category:
Is Advanced Clean Coal Technology the Answer to our Global Power Problem?
Remaining Life of Fossil Fuels (oil, natural gas, coal)
Recent events have thrust lately renewed interest in “advanced clean coal” technologies to provide additional power generation capacity in view of dwindling and expensive oil supplies (remaining life 39 years), natural gas (61 years). World wide coal reserves are expected to last over 231 years (remaining life = reserves / extraction rate).
However, due to concerns arising from pollution (emission of sulfur as SO2, toxic ash and heavy metals) and climate change (emission of CO2 greenhouse gases), the utilization of coal for power generation has spurred researches leading to the development and commercialization of so called “advanced clean coal” technologies. More »
Large-Scale Project Finance Models:
- Oil Thermal Power Plant – 2,000 US$
- Pulverized Thermal Power Plant – 4,000 US$
- Advance Coal Thermal Power Plant – 6,000 US$
- Geothermal Power Plant – 8,000 US$
- Simple Gas Turbine Power Plant – 9,000 US$
- Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant – 10,000 US$
- Energy Storage Power Plant – 12,000 US$*
- Solar Thermal Power Plant – 14,000 US$*
- Fuel Cells Power Plant – 16,000 US$*
- Ocean Thermal Power Plant – 18,000 US$*
- Ocean Wave Power Plant – 20,000 US$*
- Tidal Power Plant – 22,000 US$*
- Nuclear Power Plant – 30,000 US$*
*Please inquire about payment options directly to me.
1) Input (Assumption) Sheet
2) Report (Summary) Sheet
3) Project Cost Sheet (equipment cost, ocean freight, insurance, taxes & duties, brokerage & local shipping, erection & installation, land & right-of-way, project development & contract management, initial stocks & inventories, manpower mobilization & training, working capital, interest during construction, other capitalized expenses)
4) Construction Sheet (construction schedule, equity/loan drawdown, interest during construction)
5) Model Sheet (escalation of items, starting costs, capacity & degradation, heat rate & efficiency degradation, maintenance & overhaul scheduel, available hours, gross generation, plant use & net generation, transmission/distribution line constraints & losses, net electricity sales, revenue items, expense items, income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, project & equity IRR, project & equity payback, debt service cover ratio)
6) Depreciation Sheet (evolution of balance sheet accounts, working capital)
7) Loan Amortization Table (interest & principal repayment)
Tags: coal, cost, electricity, energy resources, energy sources, financial models, generator, geothermal, large hydro, nuclear energy, ocean thermal, ocean wave, oil and gas, oil thermal, power, power generation, power generation technologies, power generation technology, power plant, power plant design, power supply, renewable energy sources, renewable sources of electricity, renewable sources of energy, solar thermal, tidal
The file (1.59 MB) will cover the following topics:
TRADITIONAL COAL THERMAL
Coal is formed from plants by chemical and geological processes which occur over million of years.
First product of this process was peat (partially decomposed stems, twigs, bark), then transformed into lignite, bituminous, then anthracite.
Coal is the largest source of energy for power and other uses:
Primary Energy Electricity
World: 23% 40%
Philippines: 13% 38%
Topics – Traditional Coal Thermal
- Coal Resource : Reserves, Extraction Rate, Life Time
- Types of Coal and Reserves
- Properties of Coal, Coal-Mixtures and Classification by Rank
- Examples of Pulverized Coal Boilers & Plants
- Basic Principle of Pulverized Coal Thermal Plant
- Coal Mining, Preparation, Transport, Storage, Pulverization & Firing
- Pollution Control Technologies in Coal Plants
- Emissions from Coal-Fired Plants
- Cost of Coal-Fired Plants and Treatment (Capital, O&M, Levelized)
- Coal Plants in the Philippines
- Applicability, Advantages, Disadvantages
- Environmental Impact & Risks
Price: 64 USD
This file (1.03 MB) will cover the following topics:
ADVANCED COAL-BURNING POWER PLANT TECHNOLOGY
Traditional coal-fired power plant suffers from two primary drawbacks:
- overall thermal efficiency limited
- major source of pollution
There are strategies to reduce levels of pollution immediately in traditional plants.
However, very little can be done to raise its efficiency, being limited by thermodynamic constraints.
Efficiency of 49-50% feasible within 20 years.
Price: 42 USD