ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE: A Complete Review of Power Generation Technologies and Impact on Climate Change

July 15th, 2010 Posted in energy & climate change

For:    ________________________ (name of suggested speaker/presentor, discussant/reactor, contributor/donor, exhibitor, participant)

From:  Marcial T. Ocampo

former Executive Director, Philippine Council for Industry & Energy Research & Development (PCIERD)

Department of Science & Technology (DoST)

Republic of the Philippines

Subject: Invitation to Conference on Energy & Climate Change as Speaker/Presentor, Discussant/Reactor, Contributor/Donor, Exhibitor, Participant (top management by invitation)


Dear Sir/Madam:

In view of the need to provide stakeholders’ input into the development of a new energy strategy of the incoming administration of President Aquino towards sustainable development, I would like to invite you to solicit your interest and participation on the proposed conference on

ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE:  A Complete Review of Power Generation Technologies and Impact on Climate Change

Date: tentative September-October 2010

Venue: To be arranged

Kindly go over the attached draft program showing the suggested topics and suggested speakers / discussants and indicate to us your topic of interest as:

1) suggested speaker – recommended topic for you based on your background and experience:

Suggested Topic: e.g. Philippine Country GHG Emission Inventory & Reduction Targets

(see program for complete list)

Suggested Speaker / Presentor  – _______________________ (name of speaker)

Suggested Discussant / Reactor – _______________________ (name of discussant)

2) suggested discussant (reactor to the speaker’s presentation and views)

3) exhibitor (provide power generation technology exhibit booth)

4) sponsor – provide resources or funds for sponsoring speakers’ honoraria, travel and lodging, food (snacks, lunch, cocktails), reproduction of materials, rental for venue and equipment such as sound system and computers), preparation of conference proceedings, professional fee of organizers (two experts on power generation technologies and costs, and climate change), and honoraria of secretariat (invitations, coordination, logistics, media, finalize proceedings) and other services

During the 3-day conference, the following logical process will be observed in order to attain the conference objective:

1) Introduction to the “New Energy Plan” of the incoming administration of Pres. Aquino

2) Greenhouse gas inventory of the Philippines (CO2 from fossil fuels for residential, commercial, transport, industrial and agricultural; CO2 from power generation sector)

3) Introduction to the various power generation technologies and their GHG emissions

4) Presentation of the 4 scenarios – projections on capacity (MW), generation (MWh), investment costs ($/kW), levelized selling price and levelized generation cost ($/kWh), and GHG emission (kg CO2/kWh, kg CO2/year):

a) Business as usual (current Philippine Energy Plan, Power Development Plan)

b) Aggressive Renewable Energy with Feed-in Tariff

c) Nuclear Power Option

d) Combined Renewable Energy plus Nuclear Power Option

4) Specific discussion of each power generation technology by the various speakers – general summary of the following information as may be appropriate:

name and description of technology, short history, commercial capacity, efficiency or plant heat rate, capacity factor, load factor, availability factor, reliability, cost $/kW, variable $/kWh, and fixed $/kW/year operating & maintenance cost, fuel cost and supply, other costs (salaries & wages, general & administrative costs, security costs, land lease and rent, property insurance, business interruption insurance, property taxes, corporate income tax, royalty, franchise tax, LGU tax, permits, fees, licenses and other regulatory costs), plant footprint, all-in project cost (land, equipment, installation, project development, working capital, interest during construction), construction lead time, economic life, levelized generation cost and breakdown, levelized selling price (first year tariff), capital structure (% equity, % debt, % subsidy), cost of capital (% p.a. equity return, % p.a. debt interest), weighted average cost of capital (WACC), advantages and disadvantages of technology, environmental impact, risks, applicability

5) Financing renewable energy projects

6) Integrating Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) into financial models

7) Suggested solutions (alternatives) to the Philippine energy crisis

8) Reducing energy and power costs

9) Workshop – interactive use of a spreadsheet model that will calculate investment cost, electricity price and GHG emission.

10) Based on the changes in electricity prices (price disturbance), determine its price impact on GDP and prices of the other sectors of the economy using the current input-output coefficienct matrix of the Philippines

11) Propose nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) for submission to the next round of climate change initiatives at Cancun, Mexico this coming November 2010.

The participants will run project finance models for each power generation technology (e.g. oil diesel, oil thermal, oil combined cycle GT, gas thermal, coal thermal, gas combined cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro, pumped hydro, mini-hydro, biomass direct combustion, biomass cogeneration, biogas, landfill methane, waste-to-energy such as MSW to power using biomass gasification, solar PV, wind and ocean thermal energy conversion, and advanced technologies such as nuclear power) to determine capital investment, electricity tariff and generation cost.

Aside from investment cost and electricity tariff, the models will also calculate the GHG emission (carbon dioxide) of each technology.

Together with forecast reduction in GHG emission due to energy efficiency and conservation (residential, commercial/buildings, industrial, agricultural), alternative fuels in transport (biodiesel, bioethanol) and the energy & power industry, the models will then predict the overall impact on GHG emission reduction for the country for use in the NAMAs of the Philippines this coming November 2010 at Cancun.

I am also fortunate to have been part of the Presidential Energy Crisis Task Force of 2008 under former Executive Sec. Ermita that prepared contingency plans should the cost of crude oil reach $100 per barrel.

In particular, the technical team of which I was a member calculated the resulting oil pump price and electricity price should crude oil breach the $100 per barrel price.  The economic team then used this abrupt price increase (a disturbance) as input to their input-output model that used the country’s 2000 input-output matrix prepared by the Central Bank.

The price disturbance in oil and electricity price then produced ripple effects that iteratively predict the resulting price increase in the other sectors of the Philippine economy.  The end result is the price and supply impact on other goods and services arising from changes in GDP and energy demand growth due to the oil and electricity price disturbance applied on the input-output model.

In addition, a preparatory conference before the main conference at ADB will be held on the Mindanao energy crisis to educate the Mindanaons on the exact nature of their problem, proposed short term and long term solutions, cost of each solution, and impact on its GDP, energy supply and price, and other goods and services in Mindanao.  This preparatory conference also aims to fine-tune the presentation materials and spreadsheet models to be used in developing the four scenarios that will be presented in the main conference.

Arrangements are now ongoing to conduct the preparatory conference on the Mindanao Power Crisis and its Solutions at Cagayan de Oro City, at Xavier University this coming August 2010, before the main conference in Manila.

This bottom-up approach in quantifying GHG emission reduction targets is also the preferred approach in developing and finalizing the country’s commitments to the next round of climate change negotiations at Cancun, Mexico this coming November 2010.

As shown in the program below, we still need suggested speakers for the topics on alternative clean energy and power technologies, energy storage technologies, ocean wave and tidal power technologies.

We are also hoping that world-leaders in power generation technologies would contribute to the success of this conference by way of volunteering as technology speaker or discussant or alternatively provide contribution, donation and setting up of technology booths at the conference hall.

Hoping for your positive reply to our request as Suggested Speaker/Presentor, Suggested Discussant/Reactor, Contributor/Donor, Exhibitor and Participant to the conference.

Marcial T. Ocampo

Energy Technology Selection & Business Development Consultant

Energy & Climate Change Consultant



You may access also the above invitation at the following links:

Draft Conference Program (suggested topics and speakers)

ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE:  A Complete Review of Power Generation Technologies and Its Impact on Climate Change

Metro Manila Venue (to be announced)

DAY 1 Suggested Topics and Speakers / Discussants
1. Registration 8:00 to 8:30 AM
2. Welcome Remarks

Introduce President of RP

Opening Remarks

Introduce Vice President of RP

LGU and Climate Change

Pres. of Xavier, Ateneo or AIM
Dir. Anthony Jude, ADB

Pres. Aquino

Vicente Lao, Mindanao Development Council

Vice Pres. Binay

8:30 to 8:45 AM
3. Philippine Climate Change Road Map Heherson Alvarez

Secretary, Climate Change Commission

8:45 to 9:30 AM
Open Forum 9:30 AM to 9:45 AM
Morning Snack 9:45 AM to 10:00 AM
4. Philippine Energy Plan and Power Development Plan Jesus Tamang

Planning Office, DOE

10:15 to 11:00 AM
5. Power Generation Technologies – Specific GHG Emission by Technology Marcial T. Ocampo

Energy Technology Selection & Business

Development Consultant

11:15 AM to 12:00 NN
LUNCH 12:00 NN – 1:00 PM
6. Base Load Conventional Thermal (oil, coal, natural gas) based on Rankin Steam Cycle Froilan Tampinco

National Power Corporation

1:15 PM – 2:00 PM
7. Base Load Renewable (Hydro, Geothermal) Luis Miguel Aboitiz

Aboitiz Power Corporation

2:15 PM – 3:00 PM
Open Forum & Snacks 3:00 PM – 3:15 PM
8. Base Load Combined Cycle Gas Turbines (oil, natural gas, LNG) Daniel H. Valeriano

First Gas Corporation

3:15 PM – 4:00 PM
9. Base Load Nuclear Power Plant Pio Binavidez

National Power Corporation

4:15 PM – 5:00 PM
10. Summary of Day 1 and Day 2 Overview Marcial T. Ocampo 8:30 AM – 9:45 AM
Morning Snack 9:45 AM to 10:00 AM
11. Peaking Load (high speed diesel, low speed diesel, power barges, simple cycle gas turbines, pumped storage hydro) Ray Cunningham

Aboitiz Power Corporation

10:15 AM to11:00 AM
12. Renewable Technologies (biomass, combined heat & power, mini-hydro, wind, solar PV, ocean thermal energy conversion or OTEC) Ruth Owen, PhilCarbon (biomass)

Manny Galvez, Thermal Conversion MSW

Peregrino Fernandez, Montalban Methane

Manny Vergel (mini-hydro)

Ferdinand Dumlao, Northwind (wind)

Cecilio Sumaoy, Cepalco (solar PV)

Lour Desiree Latimer (OTEC)

11:15 AM to 12:00 AM
LUNCH 12:00 NN – 1:00 PM
13. Alternative Clean Technologies (circulating fluidized bed CFB, integrated gasification combined cycle IGCC, fuel cells, solar thermal) Expert from USA 1:45 PM – 2:00 PM
14. Energy Storage Technologies (pumped hydro, compressed air, flywheel systems, utility scale batteries, stored hydrogen, super conduction magnetic, ultra capacitors) or Energy Efficiency Expert from Singapore

Ron Tan, PRC Global Pte Ltd.

2:15 PM to 3:00 PM
Open Forum & Snacks 3:00 PM – 3:15 PM
15. Ocean wave technologies Expert from UK 3:15 PM – 4:00 PM
16. Tidal power technologies Expert from UK 4:15 PM – 5:00 PM
17. Summary of Day 2 and Day 3 Overview Marcial T. Ocampo 8:30 AM – 9:45 AM
Morning Snack 9:45 AM to 10:00 AM
18. Financing RE Projects Cyril del Callar, LBP

Noemi Dela Paz, LBP

10:15 AM – 11:00 PM
19. Philippine Country GHG Emission Inventory & Reduction Targets Mariano Salazar

Climate Change Consultant

11:15 AM – 12:00 NN
LUNCH 12:00 NN – 1:00 PM
20. Integrating CDM Credits into Financial Models Dr. Suzette Chua

CDM Consultant

1:15 PM –  2:00 PM
21. Suggested Solutions to the Worsening Philippine Energy Crisis within the Climate Change Framework for Sustainable Development Erramon Aboitiz

Aboitiz Power Corporation

Jesus Francisco

Chief of Party, USAID

Frederick Lacroix


2:15 PM – 3:00  PM
Open Forum & Snacks 3:00 PM – 3:15 PM
22. Reducing the Philippine Energy & Power Costs Federico Lopez, First Gen Corporation

Francisco Viray, Trans-Asia

Francis Saturnino Juan, ERC

3:15 PM – 4:00 PM
23. Closing Remarks – Conclusion: Support Solutions to Combat Climate Change Jose Rene Almendras, Secretary of Energy 4:00 PM – 4:30 PM
Cocktails Host: Marcial Ocampo 5:00 PM – 7:00 PM

5 Responses to “ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE: A Complete Review of Power Generation Technologies and Impact on Climate Change”

  1. Kimberly Bell Says:

    it is very evident that climate change is already taking effect in this decade:-.

  2. Henry Anderson Says:

    Climate change is quite on the rise these days, so be prepaired for more weather disasters..~

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