Power Generation and Fuel Cycle Technologies – a mini-lecture series with power point presentation and excel project finance models

March 19th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in power generation

Power Generation and Fuel Cycle Technologies – a mini-lecture series with power point presentation and excel project finance models

Your energy technology selection expert is beginning a lecture series on power generation and fuel cycle technologies. This will involve a discussion on the principles of the technology, its history, capital and operating costs, benefits and risks.

Objectives

1) To provide the participants a basic understanding of the following commercially available:

– fuel cycle technologies

– power generation technologies, and

– energy storage technologies

2) To know the basic principles, costs, environmental impact, risks and applicability of each of these technologies, and

3) To present the technology roadmap of each of these technologies to guide us in the near term (next 20 years – up to 2020) and in the long term (next 50 years – up to 2050)

The Past

o Introduction – what-is-electricity

o How is Electricity Generated – generation-of-electricity

o History of Power Generation – history-of-power-generation

o The Complete Electric Power System (base load, intermediate & peaking loads)

The Present

o Commercially Available Fuel Technologies, Power Generation Technologies, and Energy Storage Technologies –

commercially-available-fuel-cycle-technologies

o Primary Energy Sources – primary-energy-sources

o Fuel Properties – fuel-properties

o For the commercially available technologies:

– Basic Principles

– Costs

– Environmental Impact

– Associated Risks

– Applicability

COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES:

The Future

o The Technology Roadmap: Vision, Portfolio, Approach, Global Drivers of Change, Cost of Not Yet Commercially Available Tech –

technology-roadmap

o The Near Term Fuel, Power Generation, and Energy Storage Technologies (up to 2020) –

near-term-energy-sources

o The Long Fuel, Power Generation, and Energy Storage Technologies (up to 2050) –

long-term-energy-sources

=========

The project finance models of the power generation technology selection expert are based on one model template; hence, the results are unique for the technology’s capital and operating costs, fuel properties and costs, energy conversion efficiency or heat rate, and energy resource availability and reliability.

The financial models are denominated in Philippine Pesos (PhP 47.00 = USD). You can easily convert to your own local currency by changing the base and forward fixed exchange rate (e.g. XXX 100.00 = USD, USD 1.00 = USD) and do a global replacement of all PhP with XXX currency.

SAMPLE PROJECT FINANCE MODELS:

Sample Project Finance Model

Here is a sample project finance model for a biomass thermal power plant that can be customized for your specific need: (Advanced regulator model)

adv-biomass-direct-combustion-model4-demo9

The same model above is also presented in just one worksheet (tab) so you would be able to understand better the structure of a project finance model: (OMT Energy Enterprises model)

omt-biomass-direct-combustion-model4-demo9

A sample non-thermal power plant (no fuel GHV and no fuel cost) can also be downloaded:

adv-mini-hydro-model3-demo5

A sample liquid fossil thermal power plant (with fuel GHV, fuel density and fuel cost) is also available:

adv-diesel-genset-model3-demo5

Email me if you need customization:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

You may order on-line any project finance model of any renewable, conventional, fossil, nuclear, combined heat and power, and energy storage power generation technologies by visiting this website:

www.energydataexpert.com

Or please visit this blog for any power generation technology article:

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

Regards,

The energy technology expert and financial modeling expert

=======

SAMPLE PROJECT FINANCE MODELS:

RENEWABLE ENERGY

adv-biomass-cogeneration-model3-demo5 – process heat (steam) and power

adv-biomass-direct-combustion-model3-demo5 – bagasse, rice husk or wood waste fired boiler steam turbine generator

adv-biomass-gasification-model3-demo5 – gasification (thermal conversion in high temperature without oxygen or air, pyrolysis)

adv-biomass-igcc-model3-demo5 – integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology

adv-biomass-wte-model3-demo5 – waste-to-energy (WTE) technology for municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal and treatment

adv-biomass-wte-model3-pyrolysis-demo5 – waste-to-energy (WTE) pyrolysis technology

adv-mini-hydro-model3-demo5 – run-of-river (mini-hydro) power plant

adv-concentrating-solar-power-csp-model3-demo5 – concentrating solar power (CSP) 400 MW

adv-solar-pv-1-mw-model3-demo5 – solar PV technology 1 MW Chinese

adv-solar-pv-25-mw-model3-demo5 – solar PV technology 25 MW European and Non-Chinese (Korean, Japanese, US)

adv-wind-onshore-model3-demo5 – includes 81 wind turbine power curves from onshore WTG manufacturers

adv-wind-offshore-model3-demo5 – includes 81 wind turbine power curves from  offshore WTG manufacturers

adv-ocean-thermal-model3_10-mw-demo5 – ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) technology 10 MW

adv-ocean-thermal-model3_50-mw-demo5 – ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) technology 50 MW

CONVENTIONAL, FOSSIL AND NUCLEAR ENERGY

adv-geo-thermal-model3-demo5 – geothermal power plant  100 MW

adv-large-hydro-model3-demo5 – large hydro power plant 500 MW

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_50-mw-demo5 – subcritical circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 50 MW

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_135-mw-demo5 – subcritical circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 135 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-subcritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – subcritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 400 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-supercritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – supercritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 500 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-ultrasupercritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – ultrasupercritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 650 MW

adv-diesel-genset-model3-demo5 – diesel-fueled genset (compression ignition engine) technology 50 MW

adv-fuel-oil-genset-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker oil) fired genset (compression ignition engine) technology 100 MW

adv-fuel-oil-thermal-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker oil) fired oil thermal technology 600 MW

adv-natgas-combined-cycle-model3-demo5 – natural gas combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) 500 MW

adv-natgas-simple-cycle-model3-demo5 – natural gas simple cycle (open cycle) gas turbine (OCGT) 70 MW

adv-natgas-thermal-model3-demo5 – natural gas thermal 200 MW

adv-petcoke-fired-pc-subcritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – petroleum coke (petcoke) fired subcritical thermal 220 MW

adv-nuclear-phwr-model3-demo5 – nuclear (uranium) pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) technology 1330 MW

WASTE HEAT RECOVERY BOILER (DIESEL genset; GASOLINE genset; PROPANE, LPG or NATURAL GAS simple cycle)

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_50-mw-chp-demo5 – combined heat and power (CHP)  circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 50 MW

adv-diesel-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – diesel genset (diesel, gas oil) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-fuel-oil-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker) genset and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-gasoline-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – gasoline genset (gasoline, land fill gas) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-propane-simple-cycle-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – simple cycle GT (propane) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW (e.g. Capstone)

adv-simple-cycle-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – simple cycle GT (natural gas, land fill gas, LPG) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW (e.g. Capstone)

=========

Should you need the actual models (not demo) that could be revised for your own needs (additional revenue streams, additional expense accounts, additional balance sheet accounts, etc.), you may:

Email me:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit me:

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

THANK YOU

=======

 

How to reduce Philippine Electricity Cost – the most expensive power in Asia – to improve its competitiveness

March 17th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in cost of power generation

How to reduce Philippine Electricity Cost – the most expensive power in Asia – to improve its competitiveness

On various occasions and public debates, there is a unified concern to lower Philippine electricity cost in order to improve the country’s competitiveness in order to attain inclusive economic growth.

However, reducing power costs, such as putting up more cheaper power plants like coal-fired power plants instead of expensive petroleum-based power plants and intermittent renewable energy power technologies have to be balanced with the need to reduce greenhouse gas (CO2), sulfur (SO2), NOX and particulate emission to mitigate climate change and air pollution. More »

Integrated Energy Planning – the path towards CLEAN ENERGY

March 4th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in Clean Energy

Integrated Energy Planning – the path towards CLEAN ENERGY

Recently, Mr. Bill Gates renewed mankind’s yearning for CLEAN ENERGY as the way forward towards sustainable and inclusive growth for all peoples of mother earth.

But this would require technical effort, economical approach and environmentally sound action plan that could only be developed through a scientific-based “integrated energy planning”. For such planning to gain wide-spread reach, technical, economic, financial and optimization tools must be within reach by energy and development planners, be it at the level of a community such as off-grid remote areas, river-basin based development regions, island groups, countries, and continents with integrated energy and power networks. More »

Reaction to Mr. Bill Gates’ post on CLEAN ENERGY

February 25th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in Clean Energy

Reaction to Mr. Bill Gates’ post on CLEAN ENERGY

Hi Mr. Bill Gates:

Thanks for keeping the focus on CLEAN ENERGY, and how best to achieve an economic and environmental balance for its future use and mankind’s benefit.

This would require, I believe, easy access to a set of tools and processes that will automate and institutionalize the technical and economic analysis of renewable energy (RE) projects and non-RE projects to determine feasibility, provide inputs to both short-term and long-term optimal dispatch and capacity expansion planning, in order to achieve optimum energy and power generation mix, least cost of energy, lower fuel consumption, reduced GHG emission, sulfur emission and global warming impact of the power industry. More »

Summary of inputs and results for project finance models for various power generation technologies – up to Sep 30, 2014 only

September 14th, 2014 No Comments   Posted in cost of power generation

Summary of inputs and results for project finance models for various power generation technologies – up to Sep 30, 2014 only

Dear Friends,

You only have up to September 30, 2014 to purchase the advanced project finance models for conventional, fossil, nuclear and renewable energy power generation technologies.

Beginning Oct 1, 2014, I will be working full-time with a major IPP in the country and I will take a leave in providing project finance models and Feasibility Study and Market Study preparations for a while.

So don’t dilly dally. Order now before I shut down this website for selling such models.

Cheers,

Energy Technology Selection Expert More »

Gov’t to change renewable energy mix

February 26th, 2013 4 Comments   Posted in feed-in tariff

Gov’t to change renewable energy mix

Inquirer News, November 1st, 2012

The Department of Energy (DOE) is planning to reallocate the installation targets among the renewable energy sources in favor of the more expensive solar and wind power projects.

Energy Undersecretary Jose Layug Jr. assured the public, however, that such an action would not increase the feed-in-tariff (FIT) allowance—or the universal levy to be collected from all power consumers for the use of renewable energy facilities—beyond the estimate of 5 centavos per-kilowatt-hour (kWh). More »

ERC Approves Feed-in tariff rates

July 28th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in feed-in tariff

ERC Approves Feed-in tariff rates

The Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC), on July 27, 2012, approved the initial Feed-in Tariffs (FITs) that shall apply to generation from renewable energy (RE) sources, particularly, Run-of-River Hydro, Biomass, Wind, and Solar, as follows: More »

CDM Wind Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Wind Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Wind energy is most available in countries within the 40 deg North latitude and 40 deg South latitude. It can be harnessed using giant wind turbines that when connected together in a wind farm can provide utility scale capacities of 2.0 MW per turbine and with 15 turbines, could produce 30 MW of power in a given wind farm. More »

CDM Solar PV Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Solar PV Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Solar energy is most available in countries near the equator. It can be harnessed using photo voltaic panels that when connected together in arrays can provide utility scale capacities of 5 MW modules and with 2 modules, could produce 10 MW of power in a given site. More »

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW2.xls

June 25th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline. More »

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline. More »

CDM Mini-Hydro Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Mini-Hydro Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Mini-hydro or run-of-river system is carried out mostly in the mountains where a slowly snaking terrain will lend itself to conveying the water via a canal headrace with minimal head loss and then dropping the water head thru the penstock to the power turbines and exiting to the tailrace to rejoin the river flow. As such, it does not need a dam but rather a diversion weir to divert water to the canal headrace. More »

CDM Biomass Gasification Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Biomass Gasification Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Biomass gasification system is carried out mostly in the countryside where biomass is abundant from agricultural activity such as paddy rice, corn fields, cotton fields, sugar cane fields, tree plantation and municipal solid waste (MSW). A 400 mt/day of MSW could support around 28.5 MW of biomass gasification power plant. More »

CDM Biomass Cogeneration Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Biomass Cogeneration Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Biomass cogeneration system is carried out mostly in the countryside where biomass is abundant from agricultural activity such as sugar cane fields. More »

CDM Biomass Direct Combustion Model2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Biomass Direct Combustion Model2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Direct combustion of biomass system (furnace, boiler, steam turbine, generator) is carried out mostly in the countryside where biomass is abundant from agricultural activity such as paddy rice, corn fields, cotton fields, sugar cane fields, tree plantation and municipal solid waste (MSW). A 50-km radius of agricultural land can support around 6-12 MW of biomass power plant as in the case of India. More »

MTO Wind Model.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Wind Model.xls

Wind energy is most available in countries within the 40 deg North latitude and 40 deg South latitude. It can be harnessed using giant wind turbines that when connected together in a wind farm can provide utility scale capacities of 2.0 MW per turbine and with 15 turbines, could produce 30 MW of power in a given wind farm.

This MTO first-year tariff for wind makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (30 MW), capacity factor (25.8%), plant own use (5%), and transmission line loss (3%). More »

MTO Solar PV Model.xls

June 24th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Solar PV Model.xls

Solar energy is most available in countries near the equator. It can be harnessed using photo voltaic panels that when connected together in arrays can provide utility scale capacities of 5 MW modules and with 2 modules, could produce 10 MW of power in a given site.

This MTO first-year tariff model for Solar PV makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (1.25 MW), capacity factor (15%), plant own use (5%), and transmission line loss (3%). More »

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 91% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm.

This MTO first-year tariff model for OTEC makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (80 MW), capacity factor (91%), plant own use (36%), and transmission line loss (1.82%). More »

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 92% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm.

This MTO first-year tariff model for OTEC makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (16 MW), capacity factor (92%), plant own use (36%), and transmission line loss (0.364%). More »

MTO Mini-Hydro Model.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Mini-Hydro Model.xls

Mini-hydro or run-of-river system is carried out mostly in the mountains where a slowly snaking terrain will lend itself to conveying the water via a canal headrace with minimal head loss and then dropping the water head thru the penstock to the power turbines and exiting to the tailrace to rejoin the river flow. As such, it does not need a dam but rather a diversion weir to divert water to the canal headrace.

This MTO first-year tariff model for mini-hydro makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (0.9 MW), capacity factor (80%), plant own use (2.9%), and transmission line loss (0.061%). More »