Energy Technology Expert – my expertise and services

Where to Get Assistance for Energy & Electricity Investment Opportunities in the Philippines

Marcial Ocampo provides a blog on issues and concerns regarding current and future fuel cycles and power generation technologies as they affect the environment, fuel supplies and power generation capacities, efficiency of utilization of fuel or energy resource, pollution & greenhouse gas emissions, and cost of power (overnight capital cost $/kW) and energy (levelized $/kWh).

He provides market, technical and economic feasibility studies and prepares project finance models for determining asset value (bid price), levelized price of energy or electricity, or equity returns (DCF IRR).

He is also familiar with investment opportunities in the Philippine energy and electricity sector (Philippine Energy Plan, Power Development Plan) and the regulatory framework (EPIRA and RE laws,  implementing rules and regulations, Distribution Code, Grid Code) for purchasing a power plant from PSALM/NPC or for putting up a new power plant (conventional, fossil or renewable).

He can guide you in securing incentives under the latest Philippine Renewable Energy (RE) law and its implementing rules and regulations (IRR).

In addition, he could guide you in securing the needed endorsement from the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE), permits and licenses from the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) and other government agencies (DTI, SEC, BIR, DENR, EMB, NWRB, PNRI, DOLE, NTC, BOC, PPA, ATO, PDEA, BOI, NCIP and LGUs) in order that the facility is duly licensed to operate as a power generation facility with an electricity tariff that is the “best new entrant” for the given location and application in order to balance the need of the customers for affordable electricity and the need of the investor to meet its investment return criteria.

Should you need assistance in preparing a project finance model and a feasibility study (market, technical, economic, financial) using Philippine oil, energy and electricity data, please don’t hesitate to contact Marcial.

email:    mars_ocampo@yahoo.com   and   energydataexpert@gmail.com

tel/fax: (632)-932-5530 More »

Is Advanced Clean Coal the Answer to our Global Power Problem?

Is Advanced Clean Coal Technology the Answer to our Global Power Problem?

Remaining Life of Fossil Fuels (oil, natural gas, coal)

Recent events have thrust lately renewed interest in “advanced clean coal” technologies to provide additional power generation capacity in view of dwindling and expensive oil supplies (remaining life 39 years), natural gas (61 years). World wide coal reserves are expected to last over 231 years (remaining life = reserves / extraction rate).

However, due to concerns arising from pollution (emission of sulfur as SO2, toxic ash and heavy metals) and climate change (emission of CO2 greenhouse gases), the utilization of coal for power generation has spurred researches leading to the development and commercialization of so called “advanced clean coal” technologies. More »

Fuel Properties

The file (220 KB) will cover the following topics:

FUEL PROPERTIES

  • Gross/Higher and Net/Lower Heating Value
  • Ultimate Analysis
  • Proximate Analysis
  • Fly Ash Analysis
  • Hardgrove Grindability Index
  • Density
  • Viscosity
  • Flash Point and Pour Point
  • Metal Content

Price: 40 USD


Fuel Cells

The file (566 KB) will cover the following topics:

FUEL CELLS

Fuel Cell: an electrochemical device, closely related to the battery, that can generate electricity from hydrogen, which in turn can be extracted from natural gas or other hydrocarbon gases through a chemical process called reforming.

Topics – Fuel Cells

  • Fuel Cells, Its Uses and History
  • Fuel Cell Principle, Characteristics, Operating Conditions
  • Fuel Cell Concept for Power, Heat & Water
  • Balance of Plant Equipment
  • Fuel Cell Process Diagram, Hydrogen Gas Reformation
  • Types of Fuel Cells (AFC, PAFC, PEM, MCFC, SOFC)
  • Advanced Fuel Cell Technologies (CHP, Hybrid FC-GT-IGCC)
  • Cost of Fuel Cells
  • Fuel Cell Applications, Advantages
  • Environmental Impact & Risks

History of Fuel Cel

  • Hydrolysis – if an electrical voltage is applied to water by placing two electrodes into the liquid and attaching a battery to them, the voltage induces a chemical reaction: hydrogen is produced at one electrode and oxygen at the other
  • 1839 – Sir William Grove observed that the process known as “hydrolysis” can also go backwards – hydrogen will react at one electrode and oxygen at the other producing water and an electrical voltage between the electrodes. It was only a century later that Francis Bacon began to develop practical fuel cells.
  • 1950s – Pratt and Whitney (now United Technologies) licensed Bacon’s technology and developed it for the US space program. The Gemini, Apollo and space shuttle program all used fuel cells to generate electricity and produce drinking water on-board by just bringing hydrogen fuel and oxygen with them.

Fuel Cell Principle

  • If an electrical voltage is applied on water, by placing two electrodes into the liquid and attaching a DC battery to them, the voltage induces a chemical reaction; hydrogen and oxygen is produced at each electrode:

H2O + DC voltage è H2 + O2

  • In 1839, Sir William Grove observed this process, known as hydrolysis, can also go backwards – reversible. Hydrogen will react at one electrode and oxygen at the other, producing water and DC electrical voltage between the electrodes.
  • During reverse hydrolysis, hydrogen would act at one electrode and oxygen at the other, producing water, heat and electrical voltage (DC) between the electrodes.

Fuel (H2) + O2 + platinum catalyst è H20 + DC voltage

Fuel Cell Characteristics

  • Operates as a continuous battery – continuous fueling
  • Never needs recharging
  • Based on reverse hydrolysis – converts hydrogen and oxygen into water and electricity
  • Current depends on electrode area
  • Voltage depends on materials of construction, typically less than 1 volt.

Balance of Plant Equipment

  • Power-conditioning equipment needed are expensive
  • Fuel processing comprises a large part of cost and project development.
  • The front-end processing and fuel cell technology is affected by the fuel and application: Hydrogen, Natural gas, Methanol, Gasoline, Biomass, Coal

Price: 30 USD


Commercially Available Fuel Cycle Technologies

The file (139 KB) will cover the following topics:

Commercially Available Fuel Cycle Technologies

FS – Fully satisfies all conditions:

  • Conventional Crude Oil Extraction
  • Conventional Natural Gas
  • Conventional Coal

MC – Most Conditions satisfied:

  • Enhanced Crude Oil Extraction – Thermal
  • Nuclear Fission – Fuel Processing
  • Petroleum Coke
  • Municipal Solid Wastes
  • Wind (Farms)

LC – Least Conditions satisfied:

  • Enhanced Crude Oil Extraction – Chemical
  • Enhanced Crude Oil Extraction – Gas Displacement
  • Nuclear Fission – Decommissioning
  • Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG)
  • Liquid Natural Gas (LNG)
  • Tar Sands
  • Coal Gasification
  • Ethanol
  • Methanol (from Natural Gas)
  • Hydrothermal – Vapor & Liquid Dominated
  • Biomass Fuel
  • Solar Resource (PV, Thermal Electric)

Price: 30 USD