Power Generation and Fuel Cycle Technologies – a mini-lecture series with power point presentation and excel project finance models

March 19th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in power generation

Power Generation and Fuel Cycle Technologies – a mini-lecture series with power point presentation and excel project finance models

Your energy technology selection expert is beginning a lecture series on power generation and fuel cycle technologies. This will involve a discussion on the principles of the technology, its history, capital and operating costs, benefits and risks.

Objectives

1) To provide the participants a basic understanding of the following commercially available:

– fuel cycle technologies

– power generation technologies, and

– energy storage technologies

2) To know the basic principles, costs, environmental impact, risks and applicability of each of these technologies, and

3) To present the technology roadmap of each of these technologies to guide us in the near term (next 20 years – up to 2020) and in the long term (next 50 years – up to 2050)

The Past

o Introduction – what-is-electricity

o How is Electricity Generated – generation-of-electricity

o History of Power Generation – history-of-power-generation

o The Complete Electric Power System (base load, intermediate & peaking loads)

The Present

o Commercially Available Fuel Technologies, Power Generation Technologies, and Energy Storage Technologies –

commercially-available-fuel-cycle-technologies

o Primary Energy Sources – primary-energy-sources

o Fuel Properties – fuel-properties

o For the commercially available technologies:

– Basic Principles

– Costs

– Environmental Impact

– Associated Risks

– Applicability

COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES:

The Future

o The Technology Roadmap: Vision, Portfolio, Approach, Global Drivers of Change, Cost of Not Yet Commercially Available Tech –

technology-roadmap

o The Near Term Fuel, Power Generation, and Energy Storage Technologies (up to 2020) –

near-term-energy-sources

o The Long Fuel, Power Generation, and Energy Storage Technologies (up to 2050) –

long-term-energy-sources

=========

The project finance models of the power generation technology selection expert are based on one model template; hence, the results are unique for the technology’s capital and operating costs, fuel properties and costs, energy conversion efficiency or heat rate, and energy resource availability and reliability.

The financial models are denominated in Philippine Pesos (PhP 47.00 = USD). You can easily convert to your own local currency by changing the base and forward fixed exchange rate (e.g. XXX 100.00 = USD, USD 1.00 = USD) and do a global replacement of all PhP with XXX currency.

SAMPLE PROJECT FINANCE MODELS:

Sample Project Finance Model

Here is a sample project finance model for a biomass thermal power plant that can be customized for your specific need: (Advanced regulator model)

adv-biomass-direct-combustion-model4-demo9

The same model above is also presented in just one worksheet (tab) so you would be able to understand better the structure of a project finance model: (OMT Energy Enterprises model)

omt-biomass-direct-combustion-model4-demo9

A sample non-thermal power plant (no fuel GHV and no fuel cost) can also be downloaded:

adv-mini-hydro-model3-demo5

A sample liquid fossil thermal power plant (with fuel GHV, fuel density and fuel cost) is also available:

adv-diesel-genset-model3-demo5

Email me if you need customization:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

You may order on-line any project finance model of any renewable, conventional, fossil, nuclear, combined heat and power, and energy storage power generation technologies by visiting this website:

www.energydataexpert.com

Or please visit this blog for any power generation technology article:

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

Regards,

The energy technology expert and financial modeling expert

=======

SAMPLE PROJECT FINANCE MODELS:

RENEWABLE ENERGY

adv-biomass-cogeneration-model3-demo5 – process heat (steam) and power

adv-biomass-direct-combustion-model3-demo5 – bagasse, rice husk or wood waste fired boiler steam turbine generator

adv-biomass-gasification-model3-demo5 – gasification (thermal conversion in high temperature without oxygen or air, pyrolysis)

adv-biomass-igcc-model3-demo5 – integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology

adv-biomass-wte-model3-demo5 – waste-to-energy (WTE) technology for municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal and treatment

adv-biomass-wte-model3-pyrolysis-demo5 – waste-to-energy (WTE) pyrolysis technology

adv-mini-hydro-model3-demo5 – run-of-river (mini-hydro) power plant

adv-concentrating-solar-power-csp-model3-demo5 – concentrating solar power (CSP) 400 MW

adv-solar-pv-1-mw-model3-demo5 – solar PV technology 1 MW Chinese

adv-solar-pv-25-mw-model3-demo5 – solar PV technology 25 MW European and Non-Chinese (Korean, Japanese, US)

adv-wind-onshore-model3-demo5 – includes 81 wind turbine power curves from onshore WTG manufacturers

adv-wind-offshore-model3-demo5 – includes 81 wind turbine power curves from  offshore WTG manufacturers

adv-ocean-thermal-model3_10-mw-demo5 – ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) technology 10 MW

adv-ocean-thermal-model3_50-mw-demo5 – ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) technology 50 MW

CONVENTIONAL, FOSSIL AND NUCLEAR ENERGY

adv-geo-thermal-model3-demo5 – geothermal power plant  100 MW

adv-large-hydro-model3-demo5 – large hydro power plant 500 MW

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_50-mw-demo5 – subcritical circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 50 MW

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_135-mw-demo5 – subcritical circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 135 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-subcritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – subcritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 400 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-supercritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – supercritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 500 MW

adv-coal-fired-pc-ultrasupercritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – ultrasupercritical pulverized coal (PC) technology 650 MW

adv-diesel-genset-model3-demo5 – diesel-fueled genset (compression ignition engine) technology 50 MW

adv-fuel-oil-genset-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker oil) fired genset (compression ignition engine) technology 100 MW

adv-fuel-oil-thermal-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker oil) fired oil thermal technology 600 MW

adv-natgas-combined-cycle-model3-demo5 – natural gas combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) 500 MW

adv-natgas-simple-cycle-model3-demo5 – natural gas simple cycle (open cycle) gas turbine (OCGT) 70 MW

adv-natgas-thermal-model3-demo5 – natural gas thermal 200 MW

adv-petcoke-fired-pc-subcritical-thermal-model3-demo5 – petroleum coke (petcoke) fired subcritical thermal 220 MW

adv-nuclear-phwr-model3-demo5 – nuclear (uranium) pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) technology 1330 MW

WASTE HEAT RECOVERY BOILER (DIESEL genset; GASOLINE genset; PROPANE, LPG or NATURAL GAS simple cycle)

adv-coal-fired-cfb-thermal-model3_50-mw-chp-demo5 – combined heat and power (CHP)  circulating fluidized bed (CFB) technology 50 MW

adv-diesel-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – diesel genset (diesel, gas oil) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-fuel-oil-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – fuel oil (bunker) genset and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-gasoline-genset-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – gasoline genset (gasoline, land fill gas) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW

adv-propane-simple-cycle-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – simple cycle GT (propane) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW (e.g. Capstone)

adv-simple-cycle-and-waste-heat-boiler-model3-demo5 – simple cycle GT (natural gas, land fill gas, LPG) and waste heat recovery boiler 3 MW (e.g. Capstone)

=========

Should you need the actual models (not demo) that could be revised for your own needs (additional revenue streams, additional expense accounts, additional balance sheet accounts, etc.), you may:

Email me:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit me:

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

THANK YOU

=======

 

How to reduce Philippine Electricity Cost – the most expensive power in Asia – to improve its competitiveness

March 17th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in cost of power generation

How to reduce Philippine Electricity Cost – the most expensive power in Asia – to improve its competitiveness

On various occasions and public debates, there is a unified concern to lower Philippine electricity cost in order to improve the country’s competitiveness in order to attain inclusive economic growth.

However, reducing power costs, such as putting up more cheaper power plants like coal-fired power plants instead of expensive petroleum-based power plants and intermittent renewable energy power technologies have to be balanced with the need to reduce greenhouse gas (CO2), sulfur (SO2), NOX and particulate emission to mitigate climate change and air pollution. More »

Integrated Energy Planning – the path towards CLEAN ENERGY

March 4th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in Clean Energy

Integrated Energy Planning – the path towards CLEAN ENERGY

Recently, Mr. Bill Gates renewed mankind’s yearning for CLEAN ENERGY as the way forward towards sustainable and inclusive growth for all peoples of mother earth.

But this would require technical effort, economical approach and environmentally sound action plan that could only be developed through a scientific-based “integrated energy planning”. For such planning to gain wide-spread reach, technical, economic, financial and optimization tools must be within reach by energy and development planners, be it at the level of a community such as off-grid remote areas, river-basin based development regions, island groups, countries, and continents with integrated energy and power networks. More »

Reaction to Mr. Bill Gates’ post on CLEAN ENERGY

February 25th, 2016 No Comments   Posted in Clean Energy

Reaction to Mr. Bill Gates’ post on CLEAN ENERGY

Hi Mr. Bill Gates:

Thanks for keeping the focus on CLEAN ENERGY, and how best to achieve an economic and environmental balance for its future use and mankind’s benefit.

This would require, I believe, easy access to a set of tools and processes that will automate and institutionalize the technical and economic analysis of renewable energy (RE) projects and non-RE projects to determine feasibility, provide inputs to both short-term and long-term optimal dispatch and capacity expansion planning, in order to achieve optimum energy and power generation mix, least cost of energy, lower fuel consumption, reduced GHG emission, sulfur emission and global warming impact of the power industry. More »

Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider – from your energy technology expert

April 25th, 2014 No Comments   Posted in energy data analytics

Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider  – from your energy technology expert

You might be interested to look into the latest power supply and demand outlook (forecast 2014-2020) from the DOE.

It includes the existing 2011 installed capacity, plus constructed 2012-2013, plus committed 2014-2016 projects, then forecast peak demand, total reserves, total supply available.

Aside from the committed, there is also a list of indicative projects as well as future capacity additions for base load, mid-merit and peak load from the power development plan of DOE (from their optimized expansion planning modelling exercise). More »

Get Your Energy Technology Articles the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

June 19th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in energy technology expert

Get Your Energy Technology Articles the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

You can now order on-line your energy technology articles the easy way – via the Shopping Cart.

Once you have decided to purchase, proceed to order via the shopping cart and pay thru PayPal thru your bank account or your credit card and download immediately the models. More »

Get Your Project Finance Models the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

Get Your Project Finance Models the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

You can now order on-line your project finance models the easy way – via the Shopping Cart.

Once you have decided to purchase, proceed to order via the shopping cart and pay thru PayPal thru your bank account or your credit card and download immediately the models. More »

How to Lower Power Plant Emissions – some suggestions

November 18th, 2010 2 Comments   Posted in energy & climate change

How to Lower Power Plant Emissions – some suggestions

Here are my simple suggestions on how to lower power plant emissions and address global warming and climate change issues.

—————-

Hi Jeff,

I am not an environmental scientist, but this I can say.

As long as your liquid fuel has lower than 1% Sulfur by weight, you will not exceed SO2 concentration (in volume % or parts per million by volume or as mg/Nm3 or milligram per normal cubic meter) required by the EPA (usually given in ppm and mg/Nm3 for both old and new power plants).

Having sufficient excess air (3-15% or average of 9%) will help eliminate unburnt fuel emission such as CO (carbon monoxide) and THC (total hydro carbon) as well as unburnt carbon (C) particles.

You also need to lower impurities such as ash to reduce total suspended solids (TSP) emissions (ash and unburnt carbon fuel).

To lower NOx emissions, the firing of oil must be done in stages so that the flame is not too hot that it will dissociate nitrogen (N2) in the air into oxides of nitrogen (NOx) that contributes to acid rain together with oxides of sulfur (SOx).

But this days, you have to address global warming and climate change issues by lowering your carbon (C) or as carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.  This means keeping the fuel to electricity conversion efficiency (thermal efficiency) as high as possible, which is typically around 33-36% for oil thermal power plants based on the steam Rankin cycle.  To lower the carbon footprint, you need to move away from the simple steam Rankin cycle to combined cycles (CCGT) to raise efficiency to over 54-59%, almost double, thus reducing the carbon footprint by almost half.

Hope I was of help,

Marcial

—————–

For the readers who would want to design a power plant that addresses global warming and climate change issues, energy efficiency considerations,  cost of power plant and resulting electricity tariff, please email me your concerns as I may provide you a good feasibility study that addresses all the above issues.

Cheers,

Marcial, your energy technology expert (for conventional, nuclear and renewable energy power generation).

How to make a top-of-the-line project finance model for wind energy

October 7th, 2010 1 Comment   Posted in project finance modeling

How to make a top-of-the-line project finance model for wind energy

After many years of financial modeling experience, including working for international development agencies, your favorite energy technology selection and business development consultant is providing his audience with a template for making state-of-the-art project finance model for individual wind turbines and wind farms in hybrid with fossil power generation (peak load and base load units in order to allow the massive penetration of wind energy into the grid without undermining the grid’s  stability, voltage and frequency).

Here is the sample template model showing the main topics and a few columns of the model.  The model is broken down into the following sections: More »

New Simplified Calculation Procedure for Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) and Feed-in Tariff

July 28th, 2010 3 Comments   Posted in cost of power generation

New Simplified Calculation Procedure for Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) and Feed-in Tariff

As part of the on-going technical preparations for the proposed mini-conference on the Mindanao Power Crisis this coming late August or early September 2010 and the main conference on “Energy & Climate Change”, the workshop coordinator, Mr. Marcial T. Ocampo, has prepared the simplified calculation procedure for calculating the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) and levelized selling price (tariff) for conventional and renewable energy resources.

The result of the simplified formulas using the US NREL formula for generation cost and the RP MTO formula for selling price were compared with the results from a full-blown project finance model and the variance between the two methods were minimal in most of the power generation technologies analyzed.

The input data came from the IEPR research summary of 2007 and from internationally published data on power generation technology by noted experts such as Paul Breeze and yours truly, Marcial Ocampo. More »

Preliminary Feed-in Tariff (FiT) for Renewable Energy Sources in the Philippines – Biomass, Mini-Hydro, Wind and Solar

February 5th, 2010 8 Comments   Posted in feed-in tariff, financial models

Preliminary Feed-in Tariff (FiT) for Renewable Energy Sources in the Philippines – Biomass, Mini-Hydro, Wind and Solar

Last January 20-21, 2010, the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Board (NREB) and in consultation with the Renewable Energy (RE) Alliance, conducted a three day seminar at the Subic International Hotel at the Subic Free Port, Province of Zambales, Philippines.

With the recent passage last year (2009) of the Philippine Renewable Energy Law (R.A. 9513) and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (DC 2009-05-0008), a Feed-In Tariff mechanism has to be established in the country within a year (February 2010).  In particular, a feed-in tariff scheme which provides an obligation to the power industry to source RE generation at a guaranteed fixed price over a period of time, which should not be less than a period of 12 years (15 years per ERC), to be determined by the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC). More »

Project Finance Models for Power Plants with Carbon Credits under CDM (download file)

January 4th, 2010 2 Comments   Posted in financial models

Project Finance Models for Power Plants with Carbon Credits under CDM (download file)

Due to worldwide interest in carbon emission reduction credits thru the clean development mechanishm (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol to encourage renewable and energy efficiency improvement in power generation to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate global warming, I am issuing another model update for January 2009.  I also made some changes to working capital and all-in project cost estimation and loan amortization calculations.
Also due to numerous inquiries and tremendous interest, the deadline has been extend up to 31 January 2010.  Order now to get 70% discount on any project finance model of your choice.  This 2010 version now includes carbon emission reduction credits under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. It provides for one time cost for consultancy services and registration to the CDM Executive Board and annual carbon emission reduction credits net of annual fees for monitoring by local consultants and Executive Board.

More »

Impact of New Renewable Energy (RE) Law and its IRR on Electricity Price (Feed-In Tariff Calculation Procedure)

December 3rd, 2009 10 Comments   Posted in renewable energy

Impact of New RE Law and its IRR on Electricity Price

(Feed-In Tariff Calculation Procedure)

Energy Technology Conference & Exhibition 2009

By: Marcial T. Ocampo

Date: December 2, 2009

Venue: New World Hotel, Makati

Outline

  • Republic Act No. 9513 (RE Law)
  • DOE Circular No. DC2009-05-0008 (IRR)
  • DOE Circular No. DC2009-07-0011 (Guidelines)
  • Feed-In Tariff System
  • Financial Model – before and after RE Law
  • Mini Hydro –
  • Biomass –
  • Wind –
  • Solar – More »

Biomass, Coal and Oil Thermal, Diesel and CCGT Levelized Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

November 29th, 2009 2 Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass, Coal and Oil Thermal, Diesel and CCGT Levelized Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating levelized tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios). More »

Gas Turbine and CCGT LevelizedTariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

November 26th, 2009 5 Comments   Posted in financial models

Gas Turbine and CCGT LevelizedTariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating levelized tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »

Cogeneration Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

November 26th, 2009 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Cogeneration Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating feed-in tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »

Hybrid Diesel Power Plant Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

November 26th, 2009 3 Comments   Posted in financial models

Hybrid Diesel Power Plant Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating feed-in tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »

Wind Energy Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

November 26th, 2009 1 Comment   Posted in financial models

Wind Energy Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating feed-in tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »

Solar PV Power Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Generation Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credit

November 26th, 2009 2 Comments   Posted in financial models

Solar PV Power Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Generation Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating feed-in tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »

Mini-Hydro Power Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Generation Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

November 26th, 2009 20 Comments   Posted in financial models

Mini-Hydro Power Feed-In Tariff, Levelized Generation Cost and Financial Model with CDM Carbon Credits

The following is a snippet of my state-of-the-art project finance model for calculating feed-in tariff, levelized cost of energy, and financial model (generation, fuel requirement, income statement, cash flow statement, balance sheet and financial ratios).  To secure a copy of the spreadsheet, click the ENERGY DATA page for arrangements.

More »