How to use the advanced (regulator) ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power plant project finance model

July 10th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

How to use the advanced (regulator) ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) power plant project finance model

(Lord God, bless my website and my readers that they will contribute to my charity fund for the jobless, sickly, needy, homeless, hungry and destitute. God Bless you all my friends for reading my blog and ordering my project finance models. Amen.)

Finding an easy-to-use project finance model for an ocean thermal power plant with built-in data is sometimes difficult as some models don’t have the sophistication of a regulator template model as well as the ease of using the model and viewing immediately the results of a sensitivity change in the inputs to the model.

This is now made easy because the Input & Assumptions worksheet (tab) has combined all the input and output information in a single worksheet and placing the reports in other worksheets such as Tariff Breakdown, Construction Period, Operating Period, Financial Reports and Levelized Tariff.

Following is a sample case study on an ocean thermal power plant. From the preliminary design and cost estimates, the top management would want to know if the business idea of going into ocean thermal power development, construction and operation is worth the effort – is it feasible and what are the economic and financial returns for risking capital.

Here are the inputs and outputs of the advanced template model from OMT ENERGY ENTERPRISES:

——————————————————————————————-

Here are the summary of inputs:

all-in capital cost (overnight cost) = 11,197 $/kW (target cost)

EPC cost portion = 8,013 $/kW (computed by model)

refurbishment cost = 5% of EPC cost on the 15th year (overhaul)

fixed O&M cost = 58.11 $/kW/year (target cost) = 327.08 ‘000$/unit/year (computed by goal seek)

variable O&M cost = 1.48 $/MWh (target cost) = 8.81 ‘000$/MW/year (computed by goal seek)

general admin cost = 600.00 ‘000$/year (target cost)

 

Thermal power plant inputs: (not applicable to ocean thermal)

Gross heating value of ocean thermal fuel = 5,198 Btu/lb

Plant heat rate = 13,500 Btu/kWh (25.28% thermal efficiency)

Cost of ocean thermal fuel = 1.299 PhP/kg = 1,299 PhP/MT

 

Lube oil consumption rate = 5.4 gram/kWh

Density of lube oil = 0.980 kg/Liter

Cost of lube oil = 200.00 PhP/Liter

 

capacity = 16.00 MW/unit x 5 units = 80.00 MW

 

Plant Availability Factor, %                                    98.68% (computed by goal seek)

Load Factor, %                                                      95.00% (assumed)

Allowance for losses & own use, %                      36.00% (assumed)

Net Capacity Factor after losses & own use, %    60.00% (target net capacity factor)

Degradation rate, %                                               0.2%

 

construction period = 26 months (start 2015)

operating period = 25 years (start 2018)

 

Capital cost estimation assumptions and % local cost (LC):

Power plant footprint (ha)                                   6.00

Cost of purchased land (PhP/sqm)                    25.00 (no land lease)

Land cost, $000 $29.82 100.0%
Equipment Cost ex BOP, Transport ($000/MW) $5,683.03 0.0%
Insurance, Ocean Freight, Local Transport, % of Equipment Cost 10.0% 100.0%
Balance of Plant (BOP), % of Equipment Cost 31.0% 66.0%
Transmission Line Distance (km) 10.00
T/L Cost per km, 69 kV ($000/km) $84.00 100.0%
Switchyard & Transformers ($000) $3,000.00 100.0%
Access Roads ($000/km) $2,200.00 100.0%
Distance of Access Road (km) 10.00
Dev’t & Other Costs (land, permits, etc) (% of EPC) 2.0% 100.0%
VAT on importation (70% recoverable) 12% 100.0%
Customs Duty 0% 100.0%
Initial Working Capital (% of EPC) 1.0% 100.0%
Contingency (% of Total Cost) 7.5% 30.0%

 

Capital cost breakdown (‘000$): (computed values):

Uses of Fund:
    Land Cost $30
   EPC (Equipment, Balance of Plant, Transport) $641,046
   Transmission Line Interconnection Facility $840
   Sub-Station Facility $3,000
   Development & Other Costs (Civil Works, Customs Duty) $34,821
   Construction Contingency $50,978
   Value Added Tax $64,590
   Financing Costs $94,045
   Initial Working Capital $6,410
Total Uses of Fund – $000 $895,760
                                 – PhP 000 45,054,130
Sources of Fund:
   Debt $627,032
   Equity $268,728
Total Sources of Fund $895,760

 

Local and Foreign Cost Components (from individual cost item):

Local Capital = 33 %

Foreign Capital = 67 %

 

Balance Sheet Accounts:

Receivables = 30 days of revenue

Payables    = 30 days of expenses

Inventory    = 60 days of consumables

 

Imported Capital Equipment:

Customs duty = 0%

Value added tax (VAT) = 12%

VAT recovery = 70% on 5th year of operation

 

Type of input / output VAT = 0 (none)

Type of incentives = 2 (BOI incentives)

 

Tax Assumptions:

Income Tax Holiday (yrs) 7
Income Tax Rate % (after ITH) 10%
Property tax (from COD) 1.5%
Property tax valuation rate (% of NBV) 80%
Local Business Tax 1.0%
Government Share (from COD) 1.0%
ER 1-94 Contribution (PhP/kWh) 0.01
Withholding Tax on Interest (Foreign Currency) – WHT 10%
Gross Receipts Tax on Interest (Local Currency) – GRT 5%
Documentary Stamps Tax (DST) 0.5%
PEZA Incentives (% of gross income) – 0% / 5% 0%
Royalty  0%

 

Capital Structure:

Equity Share = 30% at 16.44% p.a. target equity returns (IRR)

Debt Share = 70% (33% local, 67% foreign)

 

Debt Terms:

Local & Foreign Upfront & Financing Fees 2.00%
Local & Foreign Commitment Fees 0.50%
Local All-in Interest Rate excluding tax 10.00%
Local Debt Payment Period (from end of GP) (yrs) 10
Foreign All-in Interest Rate excluding tax 8.00%
Foreign Debt Payment Period (from end of GP) (yrs) 10
Local and Foreign Grace Period from COD (mos) 6
Local and Foreign debt Service Reserve (mos) 6

 

Foreign Exchange Rate:

Base Foreign Exchange Rate (PhP/US$) – 2013           48.0000 (construction)

Forward Fixed Exchange Rate (PhP/US$) – 2014           50.2971 (operating)

 

Escalation (CPI):

Annual Local CPI – for OPEX      0.0%            4.0%     for CAPEX (to model construction delay)

Annual US CPI – for OPEX           0.0%            2.0%     for CAPEX (to model construction delay)

 

Weighted Average Cost of Capital:

WACC pre-tax         11.14%

WACC after-tax      10.03%

WACC                        10.99%

 

Results of Financial Analysis:

 

First year tariff (Feed-in-Tariff) = 17.85986 P/kWh = 0.35509 USD/kWh

(at zero equity NPV)

 

Short run marginal cost (SRMC) and Long run marginal cost (LRMC):

Item PhP 000 PhP/kWh
Fuel                      – 0.000
Lubes              17,667 0.002
Var O&M            885,860 0.086
Total            903,527 0.088
MWh net        10,259,712
SRMC            903,527 0.088
Fix O&M        13,857,218 1.351
Capital Cost      168,476,263 16.421
LRMC      183,237,009 17.860

 

Equity Returns: (30% equity, 70% debt)

IRR          = 16.44    % p.a. (target returns)

NPV        = 0.00    ‘000$

PAYBACK = 6.84    years

 

Project Returns: (100% equity, 0% debt)

IRR          = 12.53        % p.a.

NPV        = (7,627,154)  ‘000$ (negative since IRR < 16.44%)

PAYBACK = 6.22        years

——————————————————————————————-

The above runs were based on goal-seek to make equity NPV = 0 (to meet equity IRR target of 16.44% p.a.).

You can perform sensitivity analysis and save the results in a case column (copy paste value).

You can breakdown the tariff ($/kWh) into its capital ($/kW-month) and variable cost recovery ($/kWh) portions.

You can prepare all-in capital cost breakdown showing interest cost during construction and does model the impact of project construction delays.

You can show the evolution of capacity and generation (degradation) during the operating period and show other revenues, expenses and balance sheet accounts as they change over time during operation years.

You can show the income & expense statement.

You can show the cash flow statement.

You can show the balance sheet.

You can show the debt service cover ratio (DSCR) as it computes the cash flow available for debt service.

It also computes the benefits to cost ratio (B/C) of the project.

Finally, it computes the other financial ratios such as:

LIQUIDITY RATIOS

SOLVENCY RATIOS

EFFICIENCY RATIOS

PROFITABILITY RATIOS

MARKET PROSPECT RATIOS

 

Download the sample file below:

Model Inputs and Results – Ocean Thermal

 

Download the complete demo model for an ocean thermal power plant in PHP and USD currencies are shown below:

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (USD) – demo5b

OTEC 50 mw Project Finance Model Ver. 3 – in USD and PHP Currency

 

If you have actual data from your OEM and EPC suppliers, kindly share the data with me or simply enter your live data into the above models and see how the results will change immediately before your eyes. Please email me back the updated demo model with your new data so you may share it will all our readers of this blog.

 

To purchase the PHP and USD models at a discount (only USD400 for two models), click the link below:

OTEC 50 mw Project Finance Model Ver. 3 – in USD and PHP Currency

 

You may place your order now and avail of a package for the unlocked model with free guidance on using it. The list price of the ocean thermal model is USD1,400 and I will give you one-hour free for assistance in putting your input data into the model (via telephone or email or FB messenger).

Your energy technology selection expert.

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in THAILAND BAHT (THB) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

May 15th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in THAILAND BAHT (THB) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

The Thailand Energy & Power Market is among the leading investment opportunities in Asia for renewable, conventional, energy storage, and waste heat recovery power generation technologies.

Be familiar with the Thailand energy and power costs by downloading the project finance models.

Finding a project finance model template for biomass power plant (cogeneration, direct combustion, gasification, waste-to-energy, IGCC) and other power plants in THAILAND BAHT CURRENCY is now made easy.

The models also include financial ratios to identify potential risks during the project development stage, such as:

a) Liquidity Ratios (current ratio, quick ratio)

b) Solvency Ratios (debt to equity ratio, equity ratio, debt ratio)

c) Efficiency Ratios (asset turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio)

d) Profitability Ratios (gross margin ratio, EBITDA margin ratio, return on assets ratio, net profit to assets ratio, return on owners’ equity, return on capital employed ratio)

e) Market Prospect Ratios (earnings per share, price earnings ratio, dividend payout ratio, dividend yield ratio)

Following are downloadable THB models for a biomass power plant and other power plants.

The exchange rates are based on the March 14, 2017 conversion table provided by www.xe.com.

The sample model is based on the advanced (regulator) template that is easy to use and understand.

Try the samples below (paste the links below into your browser or Google the demo model):

POWER PLANT MODELS IN THAILAND BAHT CURRENCY

Exchange rates are for the month of March 2017.

THAILAND – BAHT (1 USD = 34.7179 THB)

 

ADV Biomass Cogeneration Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Direct Combustion Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Gasification Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Biomass IGCC Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 – pyrolysis (THB) – demo5b

ADV Mini-Hydro Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_10 MW (THB) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (THB) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 1 mw Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 25 mw Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Wind Offshore Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Wind Onshore Model3 (THB) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW (THB) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_135 MW (THB) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Supercritical Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Ultrasupercritical Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

 

ADV Diesel Genset Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Combined Cycle Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Simple Cycle Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Geo Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Large Hydro Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Petcoke-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Nuclear PHWR Model3 (THB) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW CHP (THB) – demo5b

ADV Diesel Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Gasoline Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Propane Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (THB) – demo5b

ADV Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (THB) – demo5b

 

OTHER CURRENCIES

The reader may request for other international currencies from the Energy Technology Selection Expert and Project Finance Modeling Expert.

Just email me the Country, name of currency and the base rate and forward rate exchange currency per US DOLLAR, and perhaps the OPEX and CAPEX escalation for the Country and the US escalation to assume too.

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

There are many more renewable (solar CSP, solar PV, wind offshore, wind onshore, mini-hydro, OTEC), conventional (oil genset, oil thermal, coal thermal, petcoke thermal, gas thermal, combined cycle GT, simple cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro), nuclear power, and waste heat recovery systems (gasoline engine, diesel engine, and gas turbines using natural gas, landfill gas, propane, LPG).

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in MALAYSIA RINGGIT (MYR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

May 13th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in MALAYSIA RINGGIT (MYR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

The Malaysia Energy & Power Market is among the leading investment opportunities in Asia for renewable, conventional, energy storage, and waste heat recovery power generation technologies.

Be familiar with the Malaysia energy and power costs by downloading the project finance models.

Finding a project finance model template for biomass power plant (cogeneration, direct combustion, gasification, waste-to-energy, IGCC) and other power plants in MALAYSIA RINGGIT CURRENCY is now made easy.

The models also include financial ratios to identify potential risks during the project development stage, such as:

a) Liquidity Ratios (current ratio, quick ratio)

b) Solvency Ratios (debt to equity ratio, equity ratio, debt ratio)

c) Efficiency Ratios (asset turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio)

d) Profitability Ratios (gross margin ratio, EBITDA margin ratio, return on assets ratio, net profit to assets ratio, return on owners’ equity, return on capital employed ratio)

e) Market Prospect Ratios (earnings per share, price earnings ratio, dividend payout ratio, dividend yield ratio)

Following are downloadable MYR models for a biomass power plant and other power plants.

The exchange rates are based on the March 14, 2017 conversion table provided by www.xe.com.

The sample model is based on the advanced (regulator) template that is easy to use and understand.

Try the samples below (paste the links below into your browser or Google the demo model):

POWER PLANT MODELS IN MALAYSIA RINGGIT CURRENCY

Exchange rates are for the month of March 2017.

MAYLAYSIA – RINGGIT (1 USD = 4.4310 MYR)

 

ADV Biomass Cogeneration Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Direct Combustion Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Gasification Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass IGCC Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 – pyrolysis (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Mini-Hydro Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_10 MW (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 1 mw Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 25 mw Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Offshore Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Onshore Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_135 MW (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Supercritical Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Ultrasupercritical Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

 

ADV Diesel Genset Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Geo Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Large Hydro Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Combined Cycle Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Simple Cycle Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Petcoke-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Nuclear PHWR Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW CHP (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Diesel Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Gasoline Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Propane Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

ADV Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (MYR) – demo5b

 

OTHER CURRENCIES

The reader may request for other international currencies from the Energy Technology Selection Expert and Project Finance Modeling Expert.

Just email me the Country, name of currency and the base rate and forward rate exchange currency per US DOLLAR, and perhaps the OPEX and CAPEX escalation for the Country and the US escalation to assume too.

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

There are many more renewable (solar CSP, solar PV, wind offshore, wind onshore, mini-hydro, OTEC), conventional (oil genset, oil thermal, coal thermal, petcoke thermal, gas thermal, combined cycle GT, simple cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro), nuclear power, and waste heat recovery systems (gasoline engine, diesel engine, and gas turbines using natural gas, landfill gas, propane, LPG).

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in INDIA RUPEE (INR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

May 11th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in INDIA RUPEE (INR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

The India Energy & Power Market is among the leading investment opportunities in Asia for renewable, conventional, energy storage, and waste heat recovery power generation technologies.

Be familiar with the India energy and power costs by downloading the project finance models.

Finding a project finance model template for biomass power plant (cogeneration, direct combustion, gasification, waste-to-energy, IGCC) and other power plants in INDIA RUPEE CURRENCY is now made easy.

The models also include financial ratios to identify potential risks during the project development stage, such as:

a) Liquidity Ratios (current ratio, quick ratio)

b) Solvency Ratios (debt to equity ratio, equity ratio, debt ratio)

c) Efficiency Ratios (asset turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio)

d) Profitability Ratios (gross margin ratio, EBITDA margin ratio, return on assets ratio, net profit to assets ratio, return on owners’ equity, return on capital employed ratio)

e) Market Prospect Ratios (earnings per share, price earnings ratio, dividend payout ratio, dividend yield ratio)

Following are downloadable INR models for a biomass power plant and other power plants.

The exchange rates are based on the March 14, 2017 conversion table provided by www.xe.com.

The sample model is based on the advanced (regulator) template that is easy to use and understand.

Try the samples below (paste the links below into your browser or Google the demo model):

POWER PLANT MODELS IN INDIA RUPEE CURRENCY

Exchange rates are for the month of March 2017.

INDIA – RUPEE (1 USD = 65.4177 INR)

 

ADV Biomass Cogeneration Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Direct Combustion Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Gasification Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass IGCC Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 – pyrolysis (INR) – demo5b

ADV Mini-Hydro Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_10 MW (INR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (INR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 1 mw Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 25 mw Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Offshore Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Onshore Model3 (INR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW (INR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_135 MW (INR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Supercritical Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Ultrasupercritical Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

 

ADV Diesel Genset Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Geo Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Large Hydro Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Combined Cycle Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Simple Cycle Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Petcoke-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Nuclear PHWR Model3 (INR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW CHP (INR) – demo5b

ADV Diesel Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Gasoline Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Propane Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (INR) – demo5b

ADV Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (INR) – demo5b

 

OTHER CURRENCIES

The reader may request for other international currencies from the Energy Technology Selection Expert and Project Finance Modeling Expert.

Just email me the Country, name of currency and the base rate and forward rate exchange currency per US DOLLAR, and perhaps the OPEX and CAPEX escalation for the Country and the US escalation to assume too.

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

There are many more renewable (solar CSP, solar PV, wind offshore, wind onshore, mini-hydro, OTEC), conventional (oil genset, oil thermal, coal thermal, petcoke thermal, gas thermal, combined cycle GT, simple cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro), nuclear power, and waste heat recovery systems (gasoline engine, diesel engine, and gas turbines using natural gas, landfill gas, propane, LPG).

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in INDONESIA RUPIAH (IDR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

May 9th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in INDONESIA RUPIAH (IDR) – with financial ratios for risk analysis

The Indonesia Energy & Power Market is among the leading investment opportunities in Asia for renewable, conventional, energy storage, and waste heat recovery power generation technologies.

Be familiar with the Indonesia energy and power costs by downloading the project finance models.

Finding a project finance model template for biomass power plant (cogeneration, direct combustion, gasification, waste-to-energy, IGCC) and other power plants in INDONESIA RUPIAH CURRENCY is now made easy.

The models also include financial ratios to identify potential risks during the project development stage, such as:

a) Liquidity Ratios (current ratio, quick ratio)

b) Solvency Ratios (debt to equity ratio, equity ratio, debt ratio)

c) Efficiency Ratios (asset turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio)

d) Profitability Ratios (gross margin ratio, EBITDA margin ratio, return on assets ratio, net profit to assets ratio, return on owners’ equity, return on capital employed ratio)

e) Market Prospect Ratios (earnings per share, price earnings ratio, dividend payout ratio, dividend yield ratio)

Following are downloadable IDR models for a biomass power plant and other power plants.

The exchange rates are based on the March 14, 2017 conversion table provided by www.xe.com.

The sample model is based on the advanced (regulator) template that is easy to use and understand.

Try the samples below (paste the links below into your browser or Google the demo model):

POWER PLANT MODELS IN INDONESIA RUPIAH CURRENCY

Exchange rates are for the month of March 2017.

INDONESIA – RUPIAH (1 USD = 13324.49 IDR)

 

ADV Biomass Cogeneration Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Direct Combustion Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass Gasification Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass IGCC Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 – pyrolysis (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Mini-Hydro Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_10 MW (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 1 mw Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Solar PV 25 mw Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Offshore Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Wind Onshore Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_135 MW (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Supercritical Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Coal-Fired PC Ultrasupercritical Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

 

ADV Diesel Genset Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Geo Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Large Hydro Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Combined Cycle Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Simple Cycle Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Natgas Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Petcoke-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Nuclear PHWR Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW CHP (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Diesel Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Fuel Oil Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Gasoline Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Propane Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

ADV Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (IDR) – demo5b

 

OTHER CURRENCIES

The reader may request for other international currencies from the Energy Technology Selection Expert and Project Finance Modeling Expert.

Just email me the Country, name of currency and the base rate and forward rate exchange currency per US DOLLAR, and perhaps the OPEX and CAPEX escalation for the Country and the US escalation to assume too.

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

There are many more renewable (solar CSP, solar PV, wind offshore, wind onshore, mini-hydro, OTEC), conventional (oil genset, oil thermal, coal thermal, petcoke thermal, gas thermal, combined cycle GT, simple cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro), nuclear power, and waste heat recovery systems (gasoline engine, diesel engine, and gas turbines using natural gas, landfill gas, propane, LPG).

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in UNITED STATES (USD) and PHILIPPINE (PHP) CURRENCIES – with financial ratios for risk analysis

May 4th, 2017 No Comments   Posted in financial models

Biomass and Other Power Plant Models in UNITED STATES (USD) and PHILIPPINE (PHP) CURRENCIES – with financial ratios for risk analysis

Finding a project finance model template for biomass power plant (cogeneration, direct combustion, gasification, waste-to-energy, IGCC) and other power plants in US DOLLAR and PHILIPPINE PESOS (as an example, but you can also model other currencies if you know the exchange rate to one US DOLLAR) is now made easy.

The models also include financial ratios to identify potential risks during the project development stage, such as:

a) Liquidity Ratios (current ratio, quick ratio)

b) Solvency Ratios (debt to equity ratio, equity ratio, debt ratio)

c) Efficiency Ratios (asset turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio)

d) Profitability Ratios (gross margin ratio, EBITDA margin ratio, return on assets ratio, net profit to assets ratio, return on owners’ equity, return on capital employed ratio)

e) Market Prospect Ratios (earnings per share, price earnings ratio, dividend payout ratio, dividend yield ratio)

Following are downloadable USD models for a biomass power plant and other power plants.

The exchange rates are based on the March 14, 2017 conversion table provided by www.xe.com.

The sample model is based on the advanced (regulator) template that is easy to use and understand.

Try the samples below (paste the links below into your browser or Google the demo model):

POWER PLANT MODELS IN UNITED STATES CURRENCY AND PHILIPPINE CURRENCY

Exchange rates are for the month of March 2017.

UNITED STATES – DOLLAR (1 USD = 1.0000 USD)

PHILIPPINES – PESO (1 USD = 50.2971 PHP)

 

The first link is the demo (locked) version while the next link (italics) will allow you to order and remit payment via PayPal and download immediately the models (USD, PHP) for each power generation technology.

 

RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES

 

ADV Biomass Cogeneration Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-cogeneration-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Biomass Direct Combustion Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-direct-combustion-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Biomass Gasification Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-gasification-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency-2/

ADV Biomass IGCC Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-igcc-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-wte-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Biomass WTE Model3 – pyrolysis (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/biomass-wte-pyrolysis-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Mini-Hydro Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/mini-hydro-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_10 MW (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/otec-10-mw-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency-copy/

ADV Ocean Thermal Model3_50 MW (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/otec-50-mw-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency-copy-2/

ADV Solar PV 1 mw Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/solar-pv-1-mw-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Solar PV 25 mw Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/solar-pv-25-mw-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/csp-400-mw-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Wind Offshore Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/off-shore-wind-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Wind Onshore Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/on-shore-wind-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

 

CONVENTIONAL, FOSSIL AND NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/cfb-coal-fired-50-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_135 MW (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/cfb-coal-fired-135-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Coal-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/pc-subcritical-400-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Coal-Fired PC Supercritical Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/pc-supercritical-400-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Coal-Fired PC Ultrasupercritical Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/pc-ultrasupercritical-650-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

 

ADV Diesel Genset Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/ci-diesel-genset-50-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Fuel Oil Genset Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/ci-fuel-oil-genset-225-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Fuel Oil Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/fuel-oil-thermal-300-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Geo Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/geothermal-50-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Large Hydro Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/large-hydro-500-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Natgas Combined Cycle Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/natural-gas-fired-ccgt-620-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Natgas Simple Cycle Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/natural-gas-fired-ocgt-85-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Natgas Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/natural-gas-fired-thermal-300-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Petcoke-Fired PC Subcritical Thermal Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/petcoke-fired-thermal-110-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Nuclear PHWR Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/nuclear-1330-mw-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

 

COMBINED HEAT AND POWER (CHP) AND WASTE HEAT RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES

 

ADV Coal-Fired CFB Thermal Model3_50 MW CHP (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/cfb-coal-fired-50-mw-chp-power-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Diesel Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/ci-diesel-genset-and-whrb-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Fuel Oil Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/ci-fuel-oil-genset-and-whrb-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Gasoline Genset and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/si-gasoline-genset-and-whrb-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Propane Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/propane-fired-simple-cycle-gt-and-whrb-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

ADV Simple Cycle and Waste Heat Boiler Model3 (USD) – demo5b

http://energydataexpert.com/shop/power-generation-technologies/natgas-fired-simple-cycle-gt-and-whrb-project-finance-model-ver-3-in-usd-and-php-currency/

 

OTHER CURRENCIES

The reader may request for other international currencies from the Energy Technology Selection Expert and Project Finance Modeling Expert.

Just email me the Country, name of currency and the base rate and forward rate exchange currency per US DOLLAR, and perhaps the OPEX and CAPEX escalation for the Country and the US escalation to assume too.

OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

There are many more renewable (solar CSP, solar PV, wind offshore, wind onshore, mini-hydro, OTEC), conventional (oil genset, oil thermal, coal thermal, petcoke thermal, gas thermal, combined cycle GT, simple cycle GT, geothermal, large hydro), nuclear power, and waste heat recovery systems (gasoline engine, diesel engine, and gas turbines using natural gas, landfill gas, propane, LPG).

Email me for more details and how to order off-line:

energydataexpert@gmail.com

Visit our on-line digital store to order on-line

www.energydataexpert.com

www.energytechnologyexpert.com

 

 

Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider – from your energy technology expert

April 25th, 2014 No Comments   Posted in energy data analytics

Philippine Energy Data Analytics Service Provider  – from your energy technology expert

You might be interested to look into the latest power supply and demand outlook (forecast 2014-2020) from the DOE.

It includes the existing 2011 installed capacity, plus constructed 2012-2013, plus committed 2014-2016 projects, then forecast peak demand, total reserves, total supply available.

Aside from the committed, there is also a list of indicative projects as well as future capacity additions for base load, mid-merit and peak load from the power development plan of DOE (from their optimized expansion planning modelling exercise). More »

ERC Approves Feed-in tariff rates

July 28th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in feed-in tariff

ERC Approves Feed-in tariff rates

The Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC), on July 27, 2012, approved the initial Feed-in Tariffs (FITs) that shall apply to generation from renewable energy (RE) sources, particularly, Run-of-River Hydro, Biomass, Wind, and Solar, as follows: More »

Project Finance Models for CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM EDITION)

June 27th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

Project Finance Models for CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM EDITION)

Yes, your energy technology selection and business development expert has developed a low-cost set of project finance models for CDM professionals (engineers, business development, investment bankers, managers) and novice professionals who want to learn and start their career in financial modeling of renewable energy projects.

Just follow this link to order, pay and download your favorite renewable energy project finance model – CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM EDITION. More »

Project Finance Models for FEED-IN-TARIFF REGULATOR

June 27th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

Project Finance Models for FEED-IN-TARIFF REGULATOR

Yes, your energy technology selection and business development expert has developed a low-cost set of project finance models for government feed-in-tariff regulators and novice professionals who want to learn and start their career in financial modeling of renewable energy projects.

Just follow this link to order, pay and download your favorite renewable energy project finance model – FEED-IN-TARIFF REGULATOR EDITION. More »

Project Finance Models for PROFESSIONALS

June 27th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

Project Finance Models for PROFESSIONALS

Yes, your energy technology selection and business development expert has developed a low-cost set of project finance models for professionals (engineers, business development, investment bankers, managers) and novice professionals who want to learn and start their career in financial modeling of renewable energy projects.

Just follow this link to order, pay and download your favorite renewable energy project finance model – PROFESSIONAL EDITION. More »

Project Finance Models for STUDENTS

June 27th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

 Project Finance Models for STUDENTS

Yes, your energy technology selection and business development expert has developed a low-cost set of project finance models for students (college, masteral, PhD) and novice professionals who want to learn and start their career in financial modeling of renewable energy projects.

Just follow this link to order, pay and download your favorite renewable energy project finance model – STUDENT EDITION. More »

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW2.xls

June 25th, 2012 1 Comment   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline. More »

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW2.xls

June 25th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

CDM Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW2.xls

In addition to the worksheets found in the ADV models of the regulator, 5 additional tabs or worksheets have been added (Capex, Opex, Revenues, Project IRR and Sensitivity) into the CDM model which is a financial evaluation without taxes (that distort the economic and technical performance) and debt (pure equity investment). For the RE project to benefit from CDM credits, the project IRR should not be more than 15% p.a.

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline. More »

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 91% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm.

This MTO first-year tariff model for OTEC makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (80 MW), capacity factor (91%), plant own use (36%), and transmission line loss (1.82%). More »

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

MTO Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 92% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm.

This MTO first-year tariff model for OTEC makes use of the basic assumptions of the country’s RE regulator for rated capacity (16 MW), capacity factor (92%), plant own use (36%), and transmission line loss (0.364%). More »

ADV Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

ADV Ocean Thermal Model_50 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 91% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm. More »

ADV Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

June 24th, 2012 No Comments   Posted in renewable energy

ADV Ocean Thermal Model_10 MW.xls

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion or OTEC is most adapted in deep waters near the equator where the temperature difference between the surface (30 deg Celsius) and a depth of 1 km (10 deg Celsius) located within 10 km from the shoreline.

This 20 deg Celsius thermal gradient is available throughout the year near the equator and diminishes up to 40 deg North latitude and South latitude, beyond which the OTEC is not technically viable for having a much lower thermal gradient. This provides a very high capacity factor of 92% and it only unavailable when it de-couples during a tropical storm and the OTEC power barge transfers to a safer cove to ride the storm. More »

Get Your Project Finance Models the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

Get Your Project Finance Models the Easy Way – Shopping Cart

You can now order on-line your project finance models the easy way – via the Shopping Cart.

Once you have decided to purchase, proceed to order via the shopping cart and pay thru PayPal thru your bank account or your credit card and download immediately the models. More »

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Model – avail of 50% discount now

August 4th, 2011 1 Comment   Posted in Uncategorized

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Model- avail of 50% discount now

As promised in my previous blog, I will now deal with the cost of renewable energy technologies (feed-in-tariff). I will be making a special offer for the purchase of the following RE technologies:

1) Biomass Power Model (Direct Combustion, Cogeneration, Gasification of MSW)

2) Mini-Hydro Power Model

3) Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Model

4) Solar PV Power Model

5) Wind Power Model

6) Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Model (Wind, Solar PV, Mini-Hydro) – Converts wind speed measurement, solar radiation and rainfall data into hourly power output, annual power generation and annual capacity factor) More »